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  • Ebola Update

    Now that the panic is over (we TOLD you it wasn't a big scare for the US at this time!) here's a little update, since you know it will be a Holiday discussion topic:

    The UN now reports over 7000 Ebola Deaths in 2014.

    In the US, there have been only a handful of cases, and the NIH has handled the domestic contractions directly.

    The CDC has a wealth of information on Ebola.

    Ten Ebola Facts/Tips:

    1. Household bleach and other disinfectants kill Ebola.
      Household bleach or an EPA-registered hospital disinfectant will kill Ebola.
    2. If you’re feeling sick, think flu not Ebola.
      Although flu and Ebola have some similar symptoms, Ebola is a rare disease, particularly in the United States. Flu is very common. To date, four cases of Ebola have been detected in the United States, and two of those were imported from West Africa. Every year in the United States, millions of people are infected with flu, hundreds of thousands are hospitalized, and tens of thousands die from flu.
      Unless you have had direct contact with someone who is sick with Ebola, your symptoms are most likely caused by flu and you do not have Ebola.
    3. Ebola is not airborne.
      Ebola is not a respiratory disease and is not spread through the airborne route.
      There is no evidence that Ebola is spread by coughing or sneezing. Ebola might be
      spread through large droplets (splashes or sprays) but only when a person is very
      sick. That’s why hospital workers must wear personal protective equipment to stay
      safe around people with Ebola.
    4. The Ebola outbreak is not affecting the safetyof airline travel.
      Airline travelers in the United States are extremely unlikely to become infected with
      Ebola. All travelers coming from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, or Mali, arrive at one
      of five airports in the United States where entry screening by Customs and Border
      Protection and CDC is taking place.
    5. Ebola is only spread from one person to another once symptoms begin.
      Symptoms of Ebola appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days (average 8 to 10 days)
      after being exposed. A person infected with Ebola cannot spread it to others
      until symptoms begin.
    6. You can’t get Ebola from a handshake or a hug.
      Ebola is spread through direct contact with body fluids from a person sick with Ebola. Direct contact means that blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) from an infected person (alive or dead) have touched another person’s eyes, nose, or mouth, or an open cut or wound.
    7. Your dog or cat is not spreading Ebola.There have been no reports of dogs or cats becoming sick with Ebola or of being able to spread Ebola to people or other animals. Because the risk of an Ebola outbreak spreading rapidly in the United States is very low, the risk to pets is also very low.
    8. Food and drinks imported into the United States from West Africa are safe to eat and drink.
      To date, no one has been infected with Ebola from foods that are imported into the United States. You can’t get Ebola from food grown or legally purchased in the United States.
    9. Mosquitoes are the deadliest insects in the world, but they don’t carry Ebola.
      There have been no reports of mosquitoes or other insects transmitting Ebola
      virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have
      become infected with Ebola virus and spread it. Mosquitoes do carry other
      organisms, like malaria and West Nile virus, that can make people very sick,
      and sometimes even cause death.
    10. Your family members, coworkers, and neighbors returning from countries with Ebola outbreaks don’t pose a danger to you and your family.
      Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood or body fluids (including but not
      limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) from a person sick with Ebola. Not everyone coming from countries with Ebola outbreaks has been in contact with someone who has Ebola. Travelers coming from countries with a large Ebola outbreak will be given a CARE (Check and Report Ebola) kit at the airport to help monitor themselves for Ebola symptoms. In addition, they will be actively monitored, meaning they are checked on at least once a day by public health officials. It’s safe for you and your family to be around people being monitored as long as they do not have signs or symptoms of Ebola.

    Learn More:

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  • Your dog or cat is not spreading Ebola. (What people REALLY need to know about Ebola)

    It's true... Your dog or cat is not spreading Ebola.

    Here are the Top 10 Things You Need to know about Ebola.

    There have been no reports of dogs or cats becoming sick with Ebola or of being able
    to spread Ebola to people or other animals. Because the risk of an Ebola outbreak
    spreading rapidly in the United States is very low, the risk to pets is also very low, too
    Food and drinks imported into the United States from West Africa are safe to eat and drink
    No one has been infected with Ebola from foods that are imported into the United States
    to date. You can’t get Ebola from food grown or legally purchased in the United States.
    Mosquitoes are the deadliest animals in the world, but they don’t carry Ebola
    There have been no reports of mosquitoes or other insects transmitting Ebola
    virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have
    become infected with Ebola virus and spread it. Mosquitoes do carry other
    organisms, like malaria and West Nile virus, that can make people very sick,
    and sometimes even cause death.
    Your family members, coworkers, and neighbors returning from countries with Ebola outbreaks don’t pose a danger to you and your family
    Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood or body fluids (including but not
    limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) from a person sick
    with Ebola. Not everyone coming from countries with Ebola outbreaks has been in
    contact with someone who has Ebola. Travelers coming from countries with a large Ebola
    outbreak will be given a CARE (Check and Report Ebola) kit at the airport to help monitor
    themselves for Ebola symptoms. In addition, they will be actively monitored, meaning
    they are checked on at least once a day by public health officials. It’s safe for you and
    your family to be around people being monitored as long as they do not have signs or
    symptoms of Ebola.
    Household bleach and other disinfectants kill Ebola
    Household bleach or an EPA-registered hospital disinfectant will kill Ebola.
    If you’re feeling sick, think flu not Ebola
    Although flu and Ebola have some similar symptoms, Ebola is rare disease, particularly
    in the United States. Flu is very common. To date, four cases of Ebola have been detected in the United States, and two of those were imported from West Africa. Every year in the United States, millions of people are infected with flu, hundreds of thousands are hospitalized, and tens of thousands die from flu.
    Unless you have had direct contact with someone who is sick with Ebola, your symptoms
    are most likely caused by flu and you do not have Ebola.
    Ebola is not airborne
    Ebola is not a respiratory disease and is not spread through the airborne route.
    There is no evidence that Ebola is spread by coughing or sneezing. Ebola might be
    spread through large droplets (splashes or sprays) but only when a person is very
    sick. That’s why hospital workers must wear personal protective equipment around
    people with Ebola to stay safe.
    The Ebola outbreak is not affecting the safety of airline travel
    Airline travelers in the United States are extremely unlikely to become infected with
    Ebola. All travelers coming from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, or Mali, arrive at one
    of five airports in the United States where entry screening by Customs and Border
    Protection and CDC is taking place.
    Ebola is only spread from one person to another once symptoms begin
    Symptoms of Ebola appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days (average 8 to 10 days)
    after being exposed. A person infected with Ebola cannot spread it to others
    until symptoms begin.
    You can’t get Ebola from a handshake or a hug
    Ebola is spread through direct contact with body fluids from a person sick with Ebola.
    Direct contact means that blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine,
    saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) from an infected person (alive or
    dead) have touched another person’s eyes, nose, or mouth, or an open cut or wound.
    Read more Ebola Facts
  • National Institutes for Health discharges Ebola Patient: #Ebola

    NIH discharge of Ebola patient from its Clinical Center Special Clinical Studies Unit

    NIH officials briefed reporters Today, in front of the NIH Clinical Center, about the discharge of Nina Pham, the Dallas nurse who was admitted to the NIH Clinical Center on October 16 with Ebola virus disease, and is now virus free.

    NIH informed viewers that there was no risk of Ms. Pham spreading the infection to others. Only infected persons currently exhibiting Ebola Symptoms are infectious. They stated unequivocally that she is cured of Ebola.

    They reminded all that States, not just the CDC have a say in release guidelines as well as containment.

    NIH administered no experimental Drugs to Nina Pham, she recovered through normal symptomatic care and personal strength. She did have a plasma transfusion, but there is no way of singling out any single factor that particularly contributed to her recovery.

    Representatives stated that they like to think of the  National Institutes of Health as the "National Institutes of HOPE".

    The patient is free of Ebola Virus, determined through multiple examinations and tests.
    They called Nurse Pham, Extraordinary, Lovely, and Courageous. They further recognized the remarkable work of the Doctors and Nurses at Texas Presbyterian Hospital before transfer to NIH, and at NIH.

    Nurse Nina Pham will now return to Texas to resume her life, and has asked that everyone respect her need for privacy and time with her family while regaining her strength. NIH reminded all that States, not just the CDC have a say in release guidelines as well as containment.

    NIH refused to disclose Ms. Pham's travel arrangements to avoid Media disrespect for her privacy.

    Remember that Ebola is NOT Airborne.

    Other Questions and Answers on Ebola

    Participants included:

    Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., Director of the National Institutes of Health
    Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., Ph.D., Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    H. Clifford (Cliff) Lane, M.D., NIAID Clinical Director
    John I. Gallin, M.D., Director, NIH Clinical Center
    Tara Palmore, M.D., Director, Hospital Epidemiologist, NIH Clinical Center and Director, Infectious Diseases Training Program, NIAID
    Rick Davey, M.D., Deputy Clinical Director, NIAID Division of Clinical Research

    About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.govNIH...Turning Discovery Into Health®

    CDC says to use these disinfectants against Ebola

    Pathogen Protection including Bloodborne Protection such as BBP Kits and Spill Clean-Up Kits. Other Blood borne pathogen infection control and Airborne Pathogen Protection supplies such as Antimicrobial and Germicidal Wipes, Antiseptic Solutions and Disinfectant Sprays, Fluid Control Solidifiers and Biohazard Bags, Gowns, Booties and Masks - even Personal Protection Kits & Sharps Disposal. Also see our OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Training Materials 
    American Red Cross Germ Guard Personal Protection Packs, N95 Particulate Respirators (N-95 Masks), Procedural Masks, Surgical Masks & Protective Bird Flu Kit.
    Sanizide Plus environmental surface germicidal solution, available in spray bottles and gallon jugs. Proven effective against a wide variety of bacterial and viral pathogens.
    Safetec Personal Antimicrobial Wipes available bulk or boxed - Dispenser canister of SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes. Tough microbe killing substances such as Cholroxylenol (PCMX) and Ethyl Alcohol.
    Personal Germicidal Wipes individually wrapped and in dispenser canisters - SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes - These pre-saturated, hard surface wipes kill TB, MRSA, VRE, E Coli and more in 10 minutes and HIV-1 in 2 minutes.
    Personal Protection, PPE, Bloodborne Pathogen kits, Bodily Fluid Spill Kits, and BBP kits supplies including Gloves, Bonnets, Face Shields and other bloodborne pathogen cleanup kit items to protect rescuers from Blood and OPIM.
    Disposable Gowns, Disposable Shoe Covers, bonnets, masks and eye shield - designed to protect rescuers attending to causalities or cleaning up bodily fluids and bio-hazardous materials.
    Personal Protection from exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens and Bodily Fluid Spill, Gloves, Disposable Shoe Covers & Masks.
    Sharps Disposal Containers available in 1 Quart and 5 Quart sizes as well as wire and lockable wall brackets for sharps containers. SharpSentinel containers designed to provide cost-effective sharps disposal together with the safety features you require.
    SaniZide solutions and Antiseptic Bio Hand Cleaner Gel available in bottles and sprays. Kills Bacteria and Fights Infections.
    From the American Red Cross Fluid Spill Emergency Responder Pack to Biohazard Scoops, Biohazard Bags, and Disposable Towels - we have the bodily fluid spill clean up products you need.
    Red-Z Fluid Control Solidifiers by Safetec - available in individual packs & Fluid Control Solidifier Shakers.
  • Ebola vaccine

    Human testing of a second investigational Ebola vaccine candidate is under way at the National Institutes of Health’s Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.

    Researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) are conducting the early phase trial to evaluate the vaccine, called VSV-ZEBOV, for safety and its ability to generate an immune system response in healthy adults who are given two intramuscular doses, called a prime-boost strategy. The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) is simultaneously testing the vaccine candidate as a single dose at its Clinical Trials Center in Silver Spring, Maryland.

    “The need for a vaccine to protect against Ebola infection is urgent”

    —Anthony S. Fauci, M.D.
    Director, NIAID

    “The need for a vaccine to protect against Ebola infection is urgent,” said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “NIH welcomes the opportunity to collaborate with the U.S. Department of Defense to conduct human clinical tests of another promising — and hopefully, successful — Ebola vaccine candidate.”

    NIAID researchers include principal investigator Richard T. Davey, M.D., and co-investigator John Beigel, M.D., of NIAID’s Division of Intramural Research, Early human testing of another investigational Ebola vaccine co-developed by NIAID and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) began in early September. Initial data on safety and immunogenicity (the capacity to generate an immune response) from clinical trials of the NIAID/GSK Ebola vaccine are expected by the end of 2014.

    The VSV-ZEBOV vaccine candidate was developed by researchers at the Public Health Agency of Canada’s National Microbiology Laboratory. It has been licensed to NewLink Genetics Corp through its wholly owned subsidiary BioProtection Systems, both based in Ames, Iowa.

    “Canada has long been a world leader in Ebola research and innovation. Scientists at Canada's National Microbiology Lab developed this Ebola vaccine, following years of hard work. We hope the clinical trial at the National Institutes of Health proves to be safe and effective, so that the Canadian Ebola vaccine can be used as a global resource to help save lives and end this complex outbreak in West Africa," said Canada’s Minister of Health Rona Ambrose.

    “We are pleased to recognize the extraordinary work of our partners to move the VSV-ZEBOV vaccine candidate from preclinical development to clinical testing in a matter of weeks rather than years. This level of support has been and will continue to be a critical asset in the ongoing process of evaluating and potentially bringing this investigational product to broader use in the fight against Ebola virus,” said Charles Link, M.D., chief scientific officer and CEO, NewLink Genetics.

    VSV-Zebov is based in part on a genetically engineered version of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), which primarily affects rodents, cattle, swine and horses. Human VSV infections are rare and generally produce three to four days of mild illness. In the VSV-ZEBOV investigational vaccine, the gene for the outer protein of the vesicular stomatitis virus has been replaced with a segment of the gene for the outer protein of the Zaire Ebola virus species. The investigational VSV-ZEBOV vaccine cannot cause a vaccinated individual to become infected with Ebola.

    The NIH Phase 1 clinical trial of the VSV-ZEBOV vaccine candidate will enroll 39 healthy adults aged 18 to 65 years. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three groups with 13 participants each. In each group, 10 participants will receive the investigational VSV-ZEBOV vaccine; three will receive a placebo. Each of the three groups will receive a different, escalating dose of the investigational vaccine, with the first group enrolled receiving the lowest dose and the third group enrolled receiving the highest dose. Study participants will receive an injection of the VSV-ZEBOV vaccine or placebo at their first scheduled visit and again, at the same dosage level, 28 days later.

    Enrollment at each dosing level is staggered, so interim safety assessments of vaccinated individuals can be conducted before moving to the next dosing level. All study participants will be seen and evaluated by clinical staff 11 times over one year.

    NIH begins early human clinical trial of VSV Ebola vaccine

    While NIAID tests the VSV-ZEBOV vaccine candidate as a prime-boost strategy,  WRAIR is evaluating the investigational vaccine as a single injection. This is being done to evaluate in real time the safety profile of the investigational vaccine when provided at different dosages and compare the immune responses induced by one injection versus two injections. Initial safety and immune response data on the VSV-ZEBOV vaccine are expected by the end of 2014.
    More information about the NIAID clinical trial of the investigational VSV-ZEBOV Ebola vaccine is available at ClinicalTrials.gov using the identifier NCT02257840.

    NIAID conducts and supports research — at NIH, throughout the United States, and worldwide — to study the causes of infectious and immune-mediated diseases, and to develop better means of preventing, diagnosing and treating these illnesses. News releases, fact sheets and other NIAID-related materials are available on the NIAID Web site at http://www.niaid.nih.gov.

    About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.govNIH...Turning Discovery Into Health®

    Read more about ebolaEbola-Freaks

  • Ebola Contact Tracing - how it works

    Contact tracing is finding everyone who comes into direct contact with a sick Ebola patient. Contacts are watched for signs of illness for 21 days from the last day they came in contact with the Ebola patient. If the contact develops a fever or other Ebola symptoms, they are immediately isolated, tested, provided care, and the cycle starts again – all the new patient’s contacts are found and watched for 21 days. Even one missed contact can keep the outbreak going.Ebola-Tracing

    Produced at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this infographic provides the viewer with a basic understanding of the steps involved in the process known as “contact tracing”, which is a tool implemented by epidemiologists during an outbreak investigation that will help lead investigators to the source of a responsible pathogen, or to whom the pathogenic organism might have been spread.

    Read more on Ebola

     

  • CDC says to use these disinfectants against Ebola

    Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
    Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus

    A man stands at the gate of an Ebola virus treatment center in MonroviaUse a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered hospital disinfectant with a label claim for a non-enveloped virus (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) to disinfect environmental surfaces in rooms of patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection. Although there are no products with specific label claims against the Ebola virus, enveloped viruses such as Ebola are susceptible to a broad range of hospital disinfectants used to disinfect hard, non-porous surfaces. In contrast, non-enveloped viruses are more resistant to disinfectants. As a precaution, selection of a disinfectant product with a higher potency than what is normally required for an enveloped virus is being recommended at this time. EPA-registered hospital disinfectants with label claims against non-enveloped viruses (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) are broadly antiviral and capable of inactivating both enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.

    Frequently Asked Questions
    1. How can I determine whether a particular EPA-registered hospital disinfectant is appropriate for use in the room of a patient with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection?

    Begin by looking at the product label or product insert or, if these are not available, search the EPA search engine for this information. Users should be aware that an 'enveloped' or 'non-enveloped virus' designation may not be included on the container label. Instead check the disinfectant's label for at least one of the common non-enveloped viruses (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus).

    SAFETEC SaniZide Plus SaniZideInformation:

    Safetec® SaniZide Plus® Germicidal Solution
    SaniZide Plus® is a convenient, fast-acting, multi-purpose, broad spectrum disinfectant/deodorizer for environmental surfaces. Our alcohol-free formulation is a non-corrosive, EPA registered, quaternary ammonium compound effective against: TB, HIV, Hepatitis A, B, & C, MRSA, CA-MRSA, VISA, VRE, and Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza A. SaniZide Plus® helps you comply with the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, which requires the use of an intermediate level (tuberculocidal) disinfectant where gross contaminations is known to have occurred.

    Test Organism Contact Time:
    *Hepatitis A Virus HAV)...................................................................................10 minutes
    †Hepatitis B Virus HBV).................................................................................... 5 minutes
    ‡Hepatitis C Virus HCV)................................................................................... 5 minutes
    *HIV-1 (associated with AIDS)...........................................................................1 minute
    *Human Coronavirus........................................................................................ 2 minutes
    **Norovirus (Norwalk Virus) ..................................................................... 30 seconds
    *Poliovirus Type 1, strain Brunhilde .........................................................10 minutes
    *SARS Associated Coronavirus (ZeptoMetrix)................................................. 2 minutes
    *Avian Flu A (Strains H9N2 and H3N2)............................................................ 2 minutes
    ***2009 H1N1 Influenza A Virus....................................................................... 2 minutes

    Virucidal Activity
    Test Methods:
    * U.S. E.P.A. Pesticide Assessment Guidelines, Subdivision G: Product Performance, Section 91-2(f), and Section 91-30 (d), (e), November, 1982.
    † Protocols for Testing the Efficacy of Disinfectants against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) (EPA, Federal Register, Vol. 65, No. 166, 8/25/2000, p. 51828).
    ‡ Protocol for Testing Disinfectants against Hepatitis C Virus using Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus as approved by the U.S. EPA on August 15, 2002.
    **Modified U.S. E.P.A. Pesticide Assessment Guidelines, Subdivision G: Product Performance, Section 91-2(f), and Section 91-30 (d), (e), November, 1982.
    ***Per E.P.A. Guidance Document dated 10/31/09.

    2. Are there special instructions for cleaning and disinfecting the room of a patient with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus infection?

    Daily cleaning and disinfection of hard, non-porous surfaces (e.g., high-touch surfaces such as bed rails and over bed tables, housekeeping surfaces such as floors and counters) should be done.4 Before disinfecting a surface, cleaning should be performed. In contrast to disinfection where products with specific claims are used, any cleaning product can be used for cleaning tasks. Use cleaning and disinfecting products according to label instructions. Check the disinfectant's label for specific instructions for inactivation of any of the non-enveloped viruses (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) follow label instructions for use of the product that are specific for inactivation of that virus. Use disposable cleaning cloths, mop cloths, and wipes and dispose of these in leak-proof bags. Use a rigid waste receptacle designed to support the bag to help minimize contamination of the bag's exterior.

    3. How should spills of blood or other body substances be managed?

    The basic principles for blood or body substance spill management are outlined in the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogen Standards (29 CFR 1910.1030).5 CDC guidelines recommend removal of bulk spill matter, cleaning the site, and then disinfecting the site.4 For large spills, a chemical disinfectant with sufficient potency is needed to overcome the tendency of proteins in blood and other body substances to neutralize the disinfectant's active ingredient. An EPA-registered hospital disinfectant with label claims for non-enveloped viruses (e.g., norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, poliovirus) and instructions for cleaning and decontaminating surfaces or objects soiled with blood or body fluids should be used according to those instructions. READ More at CDC

    Learn more about Ebola:

  • Is Ebola Airborne?

    You've heard the rumors... "Ebola is Airborne"... is it true?

    As of the time of this article - according to both the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO): No.

    You may have received emails, or read "News" claiming that "The CDC and CIDRAP have admitted that Ebola is now airborne." Sorry... we call this a Whole Buncha BULL PUCKY (well, we didn't actually say "Pucky", but it looks better in print this way.)

    Ebola-FreaksOK - we know many of our readers are concerned... and we are getting a huge volume of calls from customers wanting to purchase Ebola Prevention Products and Ebola Protection Kits, but please keep in mind that media will hype anything for ratings and circulation. Social Media will take a rumor or misread a statement, and turn it into "fact". The Ebola Epidemic is bad - let's not contribute to making it sound yet worse. Don't go viral with virus misinformation. At present, the threat of infection in the US is minuscule.

    "Scare-Mongers" are touting vulnerability and trying to build up the threat to vast proportions. True, it is the largest Ebola Outbreak in History. True, over 4,000 have died in Africa. But put this into proportion - this is primarily three countries of a continent so large it could fit the land masses of the US, India, Japan, Mexico, China, Iberia and both Eastern and Western Europe within its borders!

    But are you at risk? Highly improbable at present. Is Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever an Airborne Pathogen? No. Should you take precautions? Maybe... read on:

    Image courtesy of the Economist: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist?fref=photo Image courtesy of the Economist: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist?fref=photo

    The CDC (as of Today) states unequivocally:

    • Ebola is not spread through the air or by water

    WHO states:

    The Ebola virus is transmitted among humans through close and direct physical contact with infected bodily fluids, the most infectious being blood, faeces and vomit.

    The Ebola virus has also been detected in breast milk, urine and semen. In a convalescent male, the virus can persist in semen for at least 70 days; one study suggests persistence for more than 90 days.

    Saliva and tears may also carry some risk. However, the studies implicating these additional bodily fluids were extremely limited in sample size and the science is inconclusive. In studies of saliva, the virus was found most frequently in patients at a severe stage of illness. The whole live virus has never been isolated from sweat.

    The Ebola virus can also be transmitted indirectly, by contact with previously contaminated surfaces and objects. The risk of transmission from these surfaces is low and can be reduced even further by appropriate cleaning and disinfection procedures.

    Not an airborne virus

    Ebola virus disease is not an airborne infection. Airborne spread among humans implies inhalation of an infectious dose of virus from a suspended cloud of small dried droplets.

    Ebola-ScareThis mode of transmission has not been observed during extensive studies of the Ebola virus over several decades.

    Common sense and observation tell us that spread of the virus via coughing or sneezing is rare, if it happens at all. Epidemiological data emerging from the outbreak are not consistent with the pattern of spread seen with airborne viruses, like those that cause measles and chickenpox, or the airborne bacterium that causes tuberculosis.

    Theoretically, wet and bigger droplets from a heavily infected individual, who has respiratory symptoms caused by other conditions or who vomits violently, could transmit the virus – over a short distance – to another nearby person.

    This could happen when virus-laden heavy droplets are directly propelled, by coughing or sneezing (which does not mean airborne transmission) onto the mucus membranes or skin with cuts or abrasions of another person.

    WHO is not aware of any studies that actually document this mode of transmission. On the contrary, good quality studies from previous Ebola outbreaks show that all cases were infected by direct close contact with symptomatic patients.

    No evidence that viral diseases change their mode of transmission

    Moreover, scientists are unaware of any virus that has dramatically changed its mode of transmission. For example, the H5N1 avian influenza virus, which has caused sporadic human cases since 1997, is now endemic in chickens and ducks in large parts of Asia.

    That virus has probably circulated through many billions of birds for at least two decades. Its mode of transmission remains basically unchanged.

    Speculation that Ebola virus disease might mutate into a form that could easily spread among humans through the air is just that: speculation, unsubstantiated by any evidence.

    This kind of speculation is unfounded but understandable as health officials race to catch up with this fast-moving and rapidly evolving outbreak.

    To stop this outbreak, more needs to be done to implement – on a much larger scale – well-known protective and preventive measures. Abundant evidence has documented their effectiveness.

    What are the protective measures recommended by CDC and WHO to avoid the spread of Ebola HF, and more importantly to each of you, to avoid contracting this deadly disease?

    Should you take precautions? Maybe.

    As noted, risk of infection in the US is infinitesimal right now, however... if you may come into contact with an infected person, or enter an area where infection has been present... then be smart. Another consideration is that due to "fear-mongering" as noted above, supplies are likely to run low. We saw this with Swine Flu and Avian Flu Pandemics.. panic set it and gear ran out. People hoarded. If you are concerned that the Ebola HF epidemic may escalate or contagion may spread in your area, then you may want to get some Ebola Protective Supplies now while they are available... most these items have long or indefinite shelf lives, and can always be put to use for other purposes later if unused for the current concern.

    Precautionary Measures for Ebola:

    Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

    • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
    • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
    • infected animals
    • Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

    Some Basic Precautions:

    • Practice careful hygiene. For example, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and avoid contact with blood and body fluids.
    • Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids (such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment).
    • Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection around anyone infected, or even suspected of infection with Ebola Virus.
    • Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
    • Avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.

    Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

    • Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures.
    • Isolate patients with Ebola from other patients.
    • Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.
    • Notify health officials if you have had direct contact with the blood or body fluids, such as but not limited to, feces, saliva, urine, vomit, and semen of a person who is sick with Ebola. The virus can enter the body through broken skin or unprotected mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth

    During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

    Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

    American Red Cross Germ Guard Personal Protection Packs, N95 Particulate Respirators (N-95 Masks), Procedural Masks, Surgical Masks & Protective Bird Flu Kit.
    Sanizide Plus environmental surface germicidal solution, available in spray bottles and gallon jugs. Proven effective against a wide variety of bacterial and viral pathogens.
    Safetec Personal Antimicrobial Wipes available bulk or boxed - Dispenser canister of SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes. Tough microbe killing substances such as Cholroxylenol (PCMX) and Ethyl Alcohol.
    Personal Germicidal Wipes individually wrapped and in dispenser canisters - SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes - These pre-saturated, hard surface wipes kill TB, MRSA, VRE, E Coli and more in 10 minutes and HIV-1 in 2 minutes.
    Personal Protection, PPE, Bloodborne Pathogen kits, Bodily Fluid Spill Kits, and BBP kits supplies including Gloves, Bonnets, Face Shields and other bloodborne pathogen cleanup kit items to protect rescuers from Blood and OPIM.
    Disposable Gowns, Disposable Shoe Covers, bonnets, masks and eye shield - designed to protect rescuers attending to causalities or cleaning up bodily fluids and bio-hazardous materials.
    Personal Protection from exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens and Bodily Fluid Spill, Gloves, Disposable Shoe Covers & Masks.
    Sharps Disposal Containers available in 1 Quart and 5 Quart sizes as well as wire and lockable wall brackets for sharps containers. SharpSentinel containers designed to provide cost-effective sharps disposal together with the safety features you require.
    SaniZide solutions and Antiseptic Bio Hand Cleaner Gel available in bottles and sprays. Kills Bacteria and Fights Infections.
    From the American Red Cross Fluid Spill Emergency Responder Pack to Biohazard Scoops, Biohazard Bags, and Disposable Towels - we have the bodily fluid spill clean up products you need.
    Red-Z Fluid Control Solidifiers by Safetec - available in individual packs & Fluid Control Solidifier Shakers.
  • Free CDC Video about the Largest Ebola Outbreak in History

    This Free Ebola Video From the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) describes contact tracing, a method used by CDC and partners to identify new Ebola cases quickly and isolate patients as soon as they show symptoms, preventing spread to others. The video demonstrates how even one missed contact can keep Ebola spreading and that careful tracing of contacts and isolating new cases can stop the outbreak.

    BIOHZD2Remember that Ebola is transferred through blood-to-blood, and mucous membrane contact (eyes, nose, mouth) - if you may come into contact with an infected person, wash, sanitize, and cover up.

    Read more about Ebola - 4,000 die from EbolaEbola Surge - Ebola PanicEbola in the USAQuestions and Answers on EbolaEBOLA US Prevention, Protection and Information

    American Red Cross Germ Guard Personal Protection Packs, N95 Particulate Respirators (N-95 Masks), Procedural Masks, Surgical Masks & Protective Bird Flu Kit.
    Sanizide Plus environmental surface germicidal solution, available in spray bottles and gallon jugs. Proven effective against a wide variety of bacterial and viral pathogens.
    Safetec Personal Antimicrobial Wipes available bulk or boxed - Dispenser canister of SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes. Tough microbe killing substances such as Cholroxylenol (PCMX) and Ethyl Alcohol.
    Personal Germicidal Wipes individually wrapped and in dispenser canisters - SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes - These pre-saturated, hard surface wipes kill TB, MRSA, VRE, E Coli and more in 10 minutes and HIV-1 in 2 minutes.
    Personal Protection, PPE, Bloodborne Pathogen kits, Bodily Fluid Spill Kits, and BBP kits supplies including Gloves, Bonnets, Face Shields and other bloodborne pathogen cleanup kit items to protect rescuers from Blood and OPIM.
    Disposable Gowns, Disposable Shoe Covers, bonnets, masks and eye shield - designed to protect rescuers attending to causalities or cleaning up bodily fluids and bio-hazardous materials.
    Personal Protection from exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens and Bodily Fluid Spill, Gloves, Disposable Shoe Covers & Masks.
    Sharps Disposal Containers available in 1 Quart and 5 Quart sizes as well as wire and lockable wall brackets for sharps containers. SharpSentinel containers designed to provide cost-effective sharps disposal together with the safety features you require.
    SaniZide solutions and Antiseptic Bio Hand Cleaner Gel available in bottles and sprays. Kills Bacteria and Fights Infections.
    From the American Red Cross Fluid Spill Emergency Responder Pack to Biohazard Scoops, Biohazard Bags, and Disposable Towels - we have the bodily fluid spill clean up products you need.
    Red-Z Fluid Control Solidifiers by Safetec - available in individual packs & Fluid Control Solidifier Shakers.
  • Fear of Ebola is sweeping the nation

    According to Inside Edition, a manufacturer of hazmat suits can't keep up with demand. Not just from hospitals, but from regular people terrified by Ebola.

    John Tepel of Mayday Industries told INSIDE EDITION, “We are getting hundreds and hundreds of orders every day from distributors and we're having a hard keeping up right now.” FirstAidStore.com is Mayday's largest Distributor! See the Mayday product line.

    Tepel says there is also a run on respirators, disaster preparedness kits, Bio-hazard disposal kits, and even kits that protect pets.

    But now, it seems even hazmat suits may not offer 100% protection.

    CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta used chocolate sauce to demonstrate how the Ebola virus can spread. As he took the gear off the chocolate sauce was easily transferred to his skin.

    “Right there, one possible exposure. And over here on my neck, one possible exposure,” said Dr. Gupta as he carried out the demonstration.

    Havoc on Wall Street is partly being blamed on Ebola. The DJI plunged more than 400 points.

    Meanwhile, a nurses union is alleging that nurses who treated Thomas Eric Duncan were also allowed to treat other patients, risking spreading the disease.The union stated, "Mr. Duncan was left for several hours, not in isolation, in an area where other patients were present."

    There is growing anger today over how the federal government is handling the Ebola crisis.

    Bill O'Reilly and other commentators are calling for CDC head Dr. Tom Frieden to resign. Even Frieden admits he could have done more.

    Frieden said, "I wish we had put a team like this on the ground the day the first patient was diagnosed. That might have prevented this infection."

    Also, the first video of stricken Dallas nurse Nina Pham's beloved dog Bentley in quarantine has been released. His new home is a decommissioned naval air station outside Dallas known as Hensley Field.

    The naval station is surrounded on three sides by water and protected by high fences.

    The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has comfortable bedding and toys to keep him occupied, but it's got to be pretty lonely. He's confined to his crate. And even though he has a 24 hour guard, no one is allowed to pet him!

    Bentley will remain in quarantine for 21 days. It's not known if he is carrying Ebola.

    ebola_950px
    Pathogen Protection including Bloodborne Protection such as BBP Kits and Spill Clean-Up Kits. Other Blood borne pathogen infection control and Airborne Pathogen Protection supplies such as Antimicrobial and Germicidal Wipes, Antiseptic Solutions and Disinfectant Sprays, Fluid Control Solidifiers and Biohazard Bags, Gowns, Booties and Masks - even Personal Protection Kits & Sharps Disposal. Also see our OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Training Materials 
    American Red Cross Germ Guard Personal Protection Packs, N95 Particulate Respirators (N-95 Masks), Procedural Masks, Surgical Masks & Protective Bird Flu Kit.
    Sanizide Plus environmental surface germicidal solution, available in spray bottles and gallon jugs. Proven effective against a wide variety of bacterial and viral pathogens.
    Safetec Personal Antimicrobial Wipes available bulk or boxed - Dispenser canister of SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes. Tough microbe killing substances such as Cholroxylenol (PCMX) and Ethyl Alcohol.
    Personal Germicidal Wipes individually wrapped and in dispenser canisters - SaniZide Plus Germicidal Wipes - These pre-saturated, hard surface wipes kill TB, MRSA, VRE, E Coli and more in 10 minutes and HIV-1 in 2 minutes.
    Personal Protection, PPE, Bloodborne Pathogen kits, Bodily Fluid Spill Kits, and BBP kits supplies including Gloves, Bonnets, Face Shields and other bloodborne pathogen cleanup kit items to protect rescuers from Blood and OPIM.
    Disposable Gowns, Disposable Shoe Covers, bonnets, masks and eye shield - designed to protect rescuers attending to causalities or cleaning up bodily fluids and bio-hazardous materials.
    Personal Protection from exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens and Bodily Fluid Spill, Gloves, Disposable Shoe Covers & Masks.
    Sharps Disposal Containers available in 1 Quart and 5 Quart sizes as well as wire and lockable wall brackets for sharps containers. SharpSentinel containers designed to provide cost-effective sharps disposal together with the safety features you require.
    SaniZide solutions and Antiseptic Bio Hand Cleaner Gel available in bottles and sprays. Kills Bacteria and Fights Infections.
    From the American Red Cross Fluid Spill Emergency Responder Pack to Biohazard Scoops, Biohazard Bags, and Disposable Towels - we have the bodily fluid spill clean up products you need.
    Red-Z Fluid Control Solidifiers by Safetec - available in individual packs & Fluid Control Solidifier Shakers.
  • Ebola Awareness Video (Free!)

    Free Ebola Safety Video

    From the Lagos State Ministry of Health

    Pathogen Protection including Bloodborne Protection such as BBP Kits and Spill Clean-Up Kits. Other Blood borne pathogen infection control and Airborne Pathogen Protection supplies such as Antimicrobial and Germicidal Wipes, Antiseptic Solutions and Disinfectant Sprays, Fluid Control Solidifiers and Biohazard Bags, Gowns, Booties and Masks - even Personal Protection Kits & Sharps Disposal. Also see our OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Training Materials Pathogen Protection including Bloodborne Protection such as BBP Kits and Spill Clean-Up Kits. Other Blood borne pathogen infection control and Airborne Pathogen Protection supplies such as Antimicrobial and Germicidal Wipes, Antiseptic Solutions and Disinfectant Sprays, Fluid Control Solidifiers and Biohazard Bags, Gowns, Booties and Masks - even Personal Protection Kits & Sharps Disposal. Also see our OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Training Materials
    PROTECTIVE PANDEMIC  KIT:  his kit has everything you need to protect yourself from possible infection when entering an area with known contamination. Includes: (5) N95 Respirator Masks  (1) Safety Goggles  (1) Disposable White Coverall w/ Elasticized hood, wrist, and boot  (1) 2 pair of High risk Nitryl Gloves  (1) Insta-Clean Hand sanitizer  (6) Antimicrobial hand wipes  (1) Box of 10 Alcohol Prep Wipes  (5) Blue Elasticized Shoe Covers  (5) Blue Elasticized Head Caps  (1) Water Resistant Plastic Bag PROTECTIVE PANDEMIC KIT:
    his kit has everything you need to protect yourself from possible infection when entering an area with known contamination.
    Includes:
    (5) N95 Respirator Masks
    (1) Safety Goggles
    (1) Disposable White Coverall w/ Elasticized hood, wrist, and boot
    (1) 2 pair of High risk Nitryl Gloves
    (1) Insta-Clean Hand sanitizer
    (6) Antimicrobial hand wipes
    (1) Box of 10 Alcohol Prep Wipes
    (5) Blue Elasticized Shoe Covers
    (5) Blue Elasticized Head Caps
    (1) Water Resistant Plastic Bag

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