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    OSHA Safety

    OSHA Safety Training keeps your company compliant with OSHA Standards and offers training in every category of work. Cal/OSHA, Construction, Forklift, DOT, Maritime, Oil & Gas, too! Safe and healthy working conditions are a necessity for all businesses in America today. It is every business owners obligation to ensure a safe and healthy work environment to their employees. This is due to rules and guidelines set by Occupational Safety and Health Administration, a part of the Department of Labor. Stay up to date with these standards. We provide information regarding OSHA Safety Training & Compliance, Federal OSHA / 29 CFR Standards, Cal / OSHA Standards, DOT / 49 CFR Standards, Forklift Safety, HAZWOPER, Hearing Protection & Supply, Maritime, Oil & Gas, and more.

    • Preventing More Deaths During a National Heat Wave

      OSHA reaches out (FEMA is concerned)... With more than 110 million Americans exposed to excessive temperatures this week − heat indexes are expected to be above 90 degrees in almost all 48 continental states − the Occupational Safety and Health Administration urges employers to protect workers who may be exposed to extreme heat while working outdoors or in hot environmentsheat_main1

      What can you do to "beat the Heat"?

      ¤  Heat Stressheat
      ¤  Heat Alerts
      ¤  BeatTheHeat
      ¤  Beat The Heat with the FEMA App
      ¤  Recognizing and Treating Heat Exhaustion
      ¤  Heatstroke deaths are 100 percent preventable
      ¤  Over 650 people die each year from exposure to extreme heat

      It can be a matter of life and death.

      Just this past Friday, a 23-year-old landscape employee working in direct sunlight near Poplar Bluff, Missouri, became overheated around 4 p.m. when the heat index was near 110 degrees. He had been chipping limbs, stacking brush and flagging traffic for hours that day. He was rushed to the hospital with a core body temperature of 108 degrees and died the following day from heat-related illness. July 22 was only his fourth day on the job.

      What makes his death even more tragic is that it was entirely preventable. Heat-related deaths can be avoided if employers use commonsense precautions, and if they and their employees understand the warning signs of heat illness.

      The symptoms of heat exhaustion: dizziness, headache, sweaty skin, weakness, cramps, nausea, vomiting, fast heartbeat. The symptoms of heat stroke: red, hot, dry skin; high temperature; confusion; convulsions, fainting.

      During this heat wave, OSHA urges employers to plan additional precautions to reduce the risks of heat exposure. Those steps include acclimating workers to the hot environments, providing frequent water breaks, allowing ample time to rest, and providing shade.

      One of the most common problems identified in heat-related deaths and illness of workers is the lack of an employer-run heat prevention and acclimatization program. Steps to prevent heat illness include:

      • Drinking water every 15 minutes, even if you are not thirsty.
      • Resting in the shade to cool down.
      • Wearing a hat and light-colored clothing.
      • Learning the signs of heat illness and what to do in an emergency.
      • Keeping an eye on fellow workers.
      • Getting used to heat with an “easy does it” approach on the first days of work during hot spells.

      Some people assume that a worker is not at risk for heat stroke if they are still sweating. This is not true. You can be sweating and still have heat stroke. A common symptom of heat stroke is mental changes, such as confusion or irritability. Heat stroke is an emergency. Employees should know to call 911 and alert a supervisor as quickly as possible if there is any suggestion of heat stroke.

      To learn more about the symptoms of heat stress see OSHA’s Heat Stress Quick Card. The risk of heat stress increases for workers 65 and older, for those who are overweight, have heart disease or high blood pressure or take medications.

      Also remember that working in full sunlight, as the Missouri landscaper was doing, can increase heat index values by 15 degrees Fahrenheit. So that means if the temperature is 95 degrees, it will feel like 110 in direct sunlight. Employers and workers can track the heat index at their work site using OSHA’s free Heat Safety Tool app, available for iPhone and Android devices.

      heat_main2

      Water. Rest. Shade.

      And don’t forget those employed in hot indoor environments, such as bakeries, warehouses and boiler rooms. They are also at risk when temperatures rise.

      Each year, thousands of workers suffer the effects of heat exposure. Some even die from it. Let’s weather the summer heat with extra water, rest and shade and make sure each worker returns home safely.

    • Beat The Heat with the FEMA App

      Ready-ListIt's hot across the U.S. and folks are out traveling for summer break. Download the FEMA app for free on the App Store and Google Play to stay cool and know ahead of time when extreme heat and other severe weather is on the way. Add up to five locations to include your upcoming travel destinations, and watch over family and friends out-of-town. The FEMA app also provides other safety tips to help you stay prepared:

      • What to pack in an emergency kit with an interactive checklist.
      • What to do to stay safe before, during, after each type of emergency.
      • Where to go with directions to open shelters and where to talk to FEMA in person if disaster strikes.

      ¤  Heat Stress
      ¤  Heat Alerts
      ¤  BeatTheHeat
      ¤  Recognizing and Treating Heat Exhaustion
      ¤  Heatstroke deaths are 100 percent preventable
      ¤  Over 650 people die each year from exposure to extreme heat

      Ready-App

    • How to prevent common office place injuries...

      We've talked a lot lately about the need to update your office first aid kits to the new ANSI First Aid Requirements, as well as information about keeping your records straight on workplace mishaps but what about preventing the injuries before you need to treat them or report them?

      Quill put out a great infographic to help with this that we would like to share:

      Injury–Proof Your Office Prevent Safety Hazards with this Important Guide

      Injury–Proof Your Office Prevent Safety Hazards with this Important Guide

      Each year, more than 4 million workers suffer a serious job-related injury or illness. From slips, falls, and trips to lifting and striking/catching injuries (when workers are struck or caught by an object), workplace hazards are inevitable—even in an office setting. If you experience an injury on the job, we've got the steps you should take to keep your employer and insurer in the loop. As for employers, we have tips and suggestions to keep your workplace safe, which include installing proper lighting and surfaces, stocking up on the right supplies to stay organized and prevent tripping hazards, and educating employees. Check out the infographic above to help prevent workplace injuries and know what to do should one occur.

      ALSO READ: Safety Precautions for the DisabledHow to Make Sure Your Office is Hurricane ReadyReducing the hidden hazards of Office Work & Accidents

    • Comply with new workplace first aid kit upgrade requirements

      URG-3684_3 In 2015, ANSI changed their first aid kit standards. On June 17th, 2016, the new standards go into effect. It is likely that the kit you currently house will no longer be up to date. While ANSI sets quality and safety standards and guidelines across many industries, they are not an enforcement agency. However, the standards they set forth are, essentially, the nationwide core base level that one should meet, or exceed. In fact, many states have adopted the regularly changing ANSI standards as their requirements to be followed. As such, it is highly recommended for businesses to act in accordance with these guidelines to ensure the safety of the employees and to avoid any possible citations or shortcomings, even if the state in which they reside does not mandate the standards be adhered to.

      1715This guideline change is mostly in regard to the degree of injuries that may occur as well as the content contained within the first aid kit. Two variants have been introduced – Class A, designed for areas in which typical or basic wounds may occur such as an office building, and Class B, constructed for environments with risk for more serious injuries such as a construction site. While the kit can be unitized (color-coded boxes) or bulk (loose, but organized, pieces), specific items must be included and even more precise product requirements are to be met (such as the tape’s width). Additionally, the outside label identifying the kit must include particular verbiage to indicate that the ANSI standards are only met if/when the content within the kit meets the stated minimum fill. Surely, these changes and requirements can be overwhelming or hard to compute, especially for those whom aren’t overly familiar with ANSI or what is required of them at their workplace. For the convenience of our customers, and in effort to help everyone stay compliant, we have designed “upgrade kit packs” so that an existing ANSI kit can be easily taken from the prior (2009) standards to the current (2015) guidelines. This is in addition to the many stocked units that we also carry, for those purchasing a kit for the first time or whom would prefer to “start over” anew.

      osha-ansi-new-compliance-requirements-cms-banner

      ALSO READ:

    • 7 Essential Items for Welding Safety

      weldWelding is undoubtedly a dangerous profession and whether you are a seasoned pro or a newbie DIYer learning welding skills for the first time, it is vital to wear the right safety gear.

      Without it you could damage your eyes with the brightness of the welding arc, you could suffer burns from sparks and even suffer illness in the long term from exposure to noxious gases. So what protective workwear and equipment do you need to stay safe on the job? Let's take a look:

      1 - Gloves

      First Aid Store offers training products on Welding Safety to remind employees that there are indeed a number of hazards associated with welding, and provide the information they need to work safely when involved with welding operations. Topics covered in these products include: Getting authorization for welding operations, Sparking and the risk of fire, Guards and protective barriers, Hazardous fumes and ventilation, The use of respirators and other personal protective equipment, Inspecting welding equipment, Proper welding safety procedures, Eye protection (welding helmets, filters, glasses and goggles) First Aid Store offers training products on Welding Safety to remind employees that there are indeed a number of hazards associated with welding, and provide the information they need to work safely when involved with welding operations. Topics covered in these products include: Getting authorization for welding operations, Sparking and the risk of fire, Guards and protective barriers, Hazardous fumes and ventilation, The use of respirators and other personal protective equipment, Inspecting welding equipment, Proper welding safety procedures, Eye protection (welding helmets, filters, glasses and goggles)

      To keep your hands safe while undertaking welding work you really need to wear some good quality gloves. They should be flame resistant to protect against sparks, and if kept dry will also reduce the extent of electric shocks.

      2 - Boots
      It's all about ankle coverage when it comes to footwear for welders. You should make sure you have a minimum of 6 inches coverage, again to protect yourself from sparks and debris. Thick leather is the best material to go for, and steel toe caps are always a good idea if you're working around heavy machinery.

      3 - Ear protection

      If the equipment you are using means that conversation is not easy at a normal level, it probably means that the equipment could be causing damage to your ears. Ears are also at risk from sparks, which is why noise-cancelling ear protectors are a good investment.

      4 - Helmets, glasses and goggles

      To stay safe when welding you need helmet, glasses and goggles, or a full face shield. The UV radiation caused by the burning of a welding arc can cause cataracts, retinal burning and other issues, plus sparks are another obvious hazard for the eyes. Welding helmets with suitable shading are a must if you want to look after your vision.

      A good tip is to choose a level of shade that makes the burning arc invisible, and then go one lighter. This will make sure you have good visibility and protection.

      Eye-Drops5 - Eye Drops

      Like Goggles, eye drops are essential for keeping your eyesight and avoiding damage to vision from dryness, heat and arc flasj

      6 - Fire-retardant workwear

      Burns are not uncommon injuries for welders, which is why fire-protective clothing is an absolute must. Make sure your skin is completely covered and never wear synthetic fabrics when welding. Thick, natural fabrics are the best choices, but a quick internet search will give you plenty of options for suitable welding wear. And if you have an employer it's their responsibility to provide you with suitable clothing - plus training, to help you avoid injury or accident.

      Welder 16 Unit First Aid Kit - Plastic7 - Welder First Aid Kit

      Welder's First Aid Kit in Durable, Sturdy plastic case with a rubber gasket for protection. Welder's Kit includes 1/2 oz. Industrial Eye Drops & 1 Oz. Eye Wash. Industrial strength workers deserve industrial strength care. Our 114-piece, 16-unit welder's first aid kit focuses on a wide range of injuries common to welders such as minor cuts, sprains, welder's arc and other common eye irritations. Products are contained in a sturdy plastic case with gasket.

      You can find out more about welding safety by reading Welding & Hot Work Fire Prevention ChecklistCauses of Welding Accidents, and in this recent guide which has several resources on the topic of welding workwear - http://www.r-techwelding.co.uk/welding-safety-the-essential-guide/

      So bear these points in mind if you are a welder of any kind, and stay safe out there!

    • Heat Stress

      During Extreme Heat Week, we shared news and tips about working and playing safe in hot weather - now, as Summer approaches we want to remind you that there are OSHA Compliant safety materials on this topic, too!

      Heat Stress
      First Aid Store offers training products on Heat Stress & Extreme Heat issues for general and construction work environments to review how heat affects the body, the steps employees can take to prevent heat stress, and elementary first aid that can be given to a worker who has been affected by a heat-related illness. Topics covered in these products include: Situations leading to heat-related illnesses, Heat stress, heat exhaustion and heat stroke, Other heat-related illnesses, Preparing to work in hot environments, Engineering controls, Treating heat-related illnesses, and more.

      Read and learn more:

    • Workplace mishaps: Are you keeping your records straight?

      Why keep records?

      workplace-accident-record-keepingKeeping accident, injury, and fatality records is required by law. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration requires employers to record these occurrences. It is important that these situations are recorded so that enforcing authorities can investigate, track, and analyze these situations. For example, if the same accident occurs multiple times over the course of a few years then it would be beneficial to have records of each situation to help identify the procedural hazard lurking beneath the surface. Additionally, these records keep employers honest, and protect workers. They can also keep employers out of trouble as they detail the exact occurrence, preventing an employee from fabricating an injury story.

      osha-recordkeeping-all-tileWho needs to keep records?

      All employers are legally required to keep records, albeit for two exceptions. First, employers who have ten or fewer employees. Second, there are certain low-hazard industries that are also exempt. These two groups are exempt mostly due to the extremely low rates of workplace injuries associated with the occupations that fit these criteria.

      We have prepared some free sample accident report forms that will help get you started. These forms are visually appealing and designed to be easily completed electronically or by hand.

      First Aid Store offers training products on OSHA Recordkeeping for Managers and Supervisors and Employees that cover the details of the regulation's requirements, show actual workplace incidents demonstrating what each level of employee's responsibilities are in documenting and reporting recordable accidents, and review the information that they need to provide. Topics covered in these products include:Revisions in the regulation and why recordkeeping is important, Which recordkeeping requirements apply to specific work environments, Using the new recordkeeping forms, Definitions and examples of work-related illnesses and injuries, Information employees should provide about an incident situation, Recordable incident scenario.and more.OSHA Recordkeeping training DVDs, videos, Student books, posters and more!

      What is required to be reported?

      Accident-Investigation REMEMBER it is not just keeping careful OSHA logs and records that is required - you'll want to investigate the cause of the accident to prevent similar future mishaps as well - see Accident Investigation Training Materials!

      There are a variety of work-related injuries that must be reported. OSHA categorizes work-related injuries, illnesses, and fatalities as any exposure, incident, or occurrence that contributes to, or causes, the condition suffered by the employee(s) involved. All fatalities must be reported to OSHA. Aside from fatalities, all injuries that result in time away from work, limited work, transfer to another job, loss of consciousness, and any incidents requiring medical treatment more extensive than basic first aid, must be reported to OSHA. Examples of these injures include: cuts, sprains, fractures, and amputations.

      Illnesses that are a result of occupational exposure must also be reported. These illnesses include acute and chronic illnesses such as lead poisoning, and solvent intoxication.

      How should you report and record accidents?

      There are a number of ways to report and record all accidents that occur in the workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration can be reached through a toll free phone number: 1-800-321-6742. This number can be called and any accidents can be reported via telephone. Reports can also be made to the nearest, local, OSHA representative office. Finally, the OSHA website has online forms that can be used to record and report any workplace accidents.

      Awesome Accident Free Signage From https://www.cousign.com (not us - just a "shout out" to a company with cool products! Awesome Accident Free Signage From https://www.cousign.com (not us - just a "shout out" to a company with cool products!)

      There are a few time limits within which accidents must be reported. Any accidents that result in a fatality must be reported within 30 days of the when the accident occurred. However, when a fatality occurs it must be reported within 8 hours, but only if it is due to a work-related accident. Additionally, in-patient hospitalization, amputations, and accidents that result in the loss of an eye must be reported within 24 hours of the accident. However, these 3 things only have to be reported if they occur within 24 hours of the accident, and as a result of the accident. It may also be beneficial to report accidents to the workforce. Signage that tracks ‘accident free’ periods is a great way to notify your workforce of occurrences and increase awareness of workplace accidents.

      Tracking and recording workplace accidents is a great tool in analyzing and identifying hazardous work procedures. The data collected from reports can help keep more employees safe in the future. Make sure your business is reporting any accidents that fit the criteria listed by OSHA. Take another step towards safety and help decrease the chances of serious accidents occurring from the same issues. Keep your records straight.

    • Welding & Hot Work Fire Prevention Checklist

      A designated welding area should be established to meet them following requirements:.

      Weldera. Floors swept and clean of combustibles within 35 ft. of work area.

      b. Flammable and combustible liquids and material will be kept 35 ft. from work area.

      c. Adequate ventilation providing 20 air changes per hour, such as a suction hood system should be provided to the work area.

      d. At least one 10-lb. dry chemical fire extinguisher should be within access of the 35 ft. of work area.

      e. Protective dividers such as welding curtains or non-combustible walls will be provided to contain sparks and slag to the combustible free area.

      Requirements for welding conducted outside the designated welding area.

      a. Portable welding curtains or shields must be used to protect other workers in the welding area.

      b. A hot works permit must be completed and complied with prior to welding operation.

      c. Respiratory protection is mandatory unless an adequate monitored airflow away from the welder and others present can be established and maintained.

      d. Plastic materials be covered with welding tarps during welding procedures

      e. Fire Watch must be provided for all hot work operations.

      LEARN MORE! REad about Causes of Welding Accidents &  Compressed Gas Cylinders

    • Causes of Welding Accidents

      Many welding, cutting and brazing accidents result from:

      • Inadequately trained personnel.
      • Poor housekeeping practices.
      • Poor shop layout.
      • Inadequate lighting and ventilation.
      • Improper storage and movement of compressed gas cylinders.
      • Exposure of oxygen cylinders and fittings to oil or grease creating a fire or explosive hazard.
      • Pointing welding or cutting torches at a concrete surface causing spattering and flying fragments of concrete.
      • Electric shock when motors, generators and other electric welding equipment are not grounded.
      • Inhalation of toxic fumes or vapors from welding metals or alloys.

      Fires, explosions, and injuries can occur resulting from:

      • The proximity of combustible solids, liquids, or dusts.
      • The presence or development of possible explosive mixtures of flammable gases and air.
      • The presence or nature of an oxygen-enriched atmosphere in locations where hot  work is performed.

       

      Welder First Aid Kits

      Welder 16 Unit First Aid Kit - PlasticWelder's First Aid Kit in Durable, Sturdy plastic case with a rubber gasket for protection. Welder's Kit includes 1/2 oz. Industrial Eye Drops & 1 Oz. Eye Wash. Industrial strength workers deserve industrial strength care. Our 114-piece, 16-unit welder's first aid kit focuses on a wide range of injuries common to welders such as minor cuts, sprains, welder's arc and other common eye irritations. Products are contained in a sturdy plastic case with gasket.

      Welding Safety

      Welding Safety - OSHA Safety Training: People have been welding in one form or another for over 2,000 years. But like many industrial processes, welding can be very dangerous. Whether an employee is working with the hazardous gases of an "oxyacetylene" unit... the high voltage of "stick welding"... or the combination of gas and electricity that powers "MIG" and "TIG" operations... flying sparks, toxic fumes, electric shock and high temperatures are just some of the things that can make welding a dangerous proposition.

      welding-safety-tileOur training products on "Welding Safety" remind employees that there are indeed a number of hazards associated with welding, and provide the information they need to work safely when involved with welding operations. Topics covered in these products include:

      • Getting "authorization" for welding operations.
      • Sparking and the risk of fire.
      • Guards and protective barriers.
      • Hazardous fumes and ventilation.
      • The use of respirators and other personal
      • protective equipment.
      • Eye protection (welding helmets, filters, glasses and goggles)
      • Inspecting welding equipment.
      • Proper welding safety procedures.
      • and more.

      Get a Quote for a Class:
      Welding Safety Live Instruction Training Courses at YOUR Location

    • More on Forklifts

      Employer requires that safety planning and practice for commonplace tasks be as thorough as for operations with unusual hazards.  Commonplace tasks make up the greater part of the daily activities of most employees and, not unexpectedly, offer more potential sources of accidents with injuries and property damage.  Every operation or work assignment begins and ends with handling of materials.  Whether the material is a sheet of paper (paper cuts are painful) or a cylinder of toxic gas, accident risks can be reduced with thorough planning.  Identifying obvious and hidden hazards should be the first step in planning work methods and job practices.  Thorough planning should include all the steps associated with good management from job conception through crew and equipment decommissioning.  Most of the material presented in this chapter is related to the commonplace and obvious.  Nevertheless, a majority of the incidents leading to injury, occupational illness and property damage stem from failure to observe the principles associated with safe material handling and storage.  A less obvious hazard is potential failure of used or excessive motorized handling or lifting equipment.  The Responsible Safety Officer must be notified whenever it is desired to acquire a crane, forklift truck, or other motorized handling or lifting equipment from excised sources. READ ABOUT FORKLIFT SAFETY

      OSHA Standards for Forklifts

      forklift-powered-industrial-truck-safety-tileForklift users must familiarize themselves with and comply with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.178 and ANSI B56.1.  Modifications and additions must not be performed by the customer or user without manufacturer’s prior authorization or qualified engineering analysis.  Where such authorization is granted, capacity, operation and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals must be changed accordingly.  If the forklift truck is equipped with front end attachments other that factory installed attachments, the user must ensure that the truck is marked with a card or plate that identifies the current attachments, shows the approximate weight of the truck with current attachments and shows the lifting capacity of the truck with current attachments at maximum lift elevation with load laterally centered.  The user must see that all nameplates and caution and instruction markings are n place and legible.  The user must consider that changes in load dimension may affect truck capacities.

      Forklift Maintenance

      Because forklift trucks may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected of incomplete, procedures for maintenance must comply with ANSI B56.1 Section 7 and OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1919.178 g.

      Forklift Extension

      Maximum efficiency, reliability, and safety require that the use of fork extensions be guided by principles of proper application, design, fabrication, use, inspection, and maintenance.  The user must notify the Responsible Safety Officer before purchasing extensions or having them fabricated.  Fork extensions are only appropriate for occasional use.  When longer forks are needed on a regular basis, the truck should be equipped with standard forks of a longer length.  Routine on-the-job inspections of the fork extension must be made by the fork lift operator before each use unless, in the judgment of the supervisor, less frequent inspections are reasonable because of his or her knowledge of its use since the last inspection.  Extensions must be inspected for evidence of bending, overload, excess corrosion, cracks, and any other deterioration likely to affect their safe use.  All fork extensions must be proof load tested to establish or verify their rated capacities, whether they were supplied commercially or fabricated at Employer.  A load equal to the rated capacity of the pair at a particular load center multiplied by 1.15, must be placed on each fork extension pair and fork assembly and supported for a period of five minutes without any significant deformation.  Rated capacity must be determined at significant load centers, including the midpoint of the extension and at the tip.  Once determined, the rated capacity and load center information must be shown by stamping or tagging the extensions in a protected location of low stress.  A mechanical engineer or designer must witness the proof load test.  Whenever evidence of deterioration is detected or whenever the extensions have been overloaded, magnetic particle inspection must be performed.

      Safety Inspection, Responsibility

      Forklift Safety Training, Videos, and Books: Forklift Safety information for Forklift Construction, General Industry & Compliance Kits in Spanish and English. Forklift
      Safety Training, Videos, and Books: Forklift Safety information for Forklift Construction, General Industry & Compliance Kits in Spanish and English.

      Each operator is responsible for the safety and safety inspection of his or her lifting devices (such as screw pin shackles, hoist rings, commercial equipment, etc.) and for its lifting fixtures (such as speeder bars, special slings, Employer-designed equipment, etc.)  All lifting fixtures designed at Employer must be proof tested to twice their maximum rated loads before they are placed in service.  A magnetic particle inspection or other appropriate crack detection inspection is required after the proof test.  the capacity must be marked on the lifting fixture so that it is clearly visible to the equipment operator.  all lifting device pins of 2 inch diameter or larger must have a magnetic particle inspection before they are placed in service.  All lifting fixtures must be inspected at least once every four years (or upon request), using magnetic particle detection or other appropriate methods.  The Responsible Safety Officer must ensure that proof testing is performed on all lifting devices and fixtures are used and maintained correctly.  Upon request, the Responsible Safety Officer will provide a current test report to the user.  For equipment designed at Employer, the Responsible Safety Officer must provide the user with the information required to operate the lifting device or fixture safely.

      Design Stress

      The Responsible Safety Officer is responsible for the design, fabrication, and testing of lifting fixtures.  The design stress for lifting fixtures must not exceed one-fifth (1/5) the ultimate strength of the material at the operating temperature.  If welded fabrication is used, the design stress must take into consideration any weakening effects of welding, such as those that occur in aluminum alloys.  If practical, avoid welding in the fabrication of lifting fixtures; however, if welding is used, design and fabrication must conform to the latest standards of the American Welding Society (AWS).  Careful, thoughtful design and follow-up are required.  The following rules apply when designing welded units: There must be no possibility of subjecting welds to tearing loads.  Stresses in welds must be substantially uniform.  Where possible, design lifting fixtures so that the main loads are carried only by structural members, plates, or shear pins rather than by welds.  Examine this possibility carefully.  Welded fabrications must be proof tested to twice the maximum rated load followed by a magnetic particle inspection or other appropriate crack inspection method.  Primary load carrying welds and welds in tension must be x-rayed.  The screw-thread engagement required for conservative development of the full strength of a screw fastener depends upon the screw fastener material and the material of the threaded member.  If the fastener is made of the same material as the female threaded member, e.g., a low-carbon steel bolt and a hole threaded into low-carbon steel, an engagement of at least 1-1/2 diameters is required.  A hardened steel screw (Allen screw) in mild steel aluminum alloy, copper, or cast iron must have a threaded engagement of 1-1/2 diameters.  The Responsible Safety Officer must approve other material combinations.  Safety hoist rings may be used to make lifts up to their rated load when screwed 2 hoist ring bolt diameters into materials such as aluminum alloy, copper, or cast iron.  When special high strength bolts are required, consider the use of nonstandard pitch threads to avoid the possibility of using the wrong bolt in the lifting device.  any bolt used as part of Employer-designed lifting fixtures or pickup devices must be tested to two (2) times its rated desirable to maintain a supply of tested bolts in the event that one is lost.  Once a lifting device or fixture is in the hands of the user, it is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the proper bolt is inserted to the proper depth and correctly torqued.

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