Only trained personnel should be allowed to operate hand lifts. Operating rules must be posted and will be strictly enforced. Before using a lift check that the brakes on are capable of bringing the vehicle to a complete and safe stop when fully loaded. The parking brake must effectively prevent the vehicle from moving when unattended. When motorized hand and hand/rider truck are operated, and when the operator releases the steering mechanism, make sure that both the brakes are applied and power to the motor shut off. Maintenance records are available so that a driver can check on the servicing of the truck in case of questions.
All aisles and passageways must be kept clear. Also, aisles and passageways should be clearly marked. Wet surfaces must be covered with non-slip material and all holes properly covered or marked with warning guards. All spills must be cleaned up immediately, and a caution sign placed on all wet or drying surfaces. In cases of passageways used by forklifts, handlifts, or other machinery, use a separate aisle for walking if available. If no separately marked aisle is available, use extreme caution. Remember, walking in a passageway used by machinery is like walking in the middle of a street used by cars: You may have the right of way, but the heavier vehicle can’t always see you and can’t always stop in time. The key to moving around in such circumstances is to stop, look, and listen and then to move when there is no danger. Make eye contact with the drivers of moving vehicles so that you know that they know you are there. Equipment must be properly stored so that sharp edges do not protrude into walkways. Changes in elevations must be clearly marked, as must passageways near dangerous operations like welding, machinery operation or painting. If there is a low ceiling, a warning sign must be posted. If the walkway or stairway is more than thirty inches above the floor or ground, it must have a guardrail. If an employee is aware of any breach of these standards, please inform the workplace supervisor.
Traffic and Transportation
Employees operating or riding in company-furnished vehicles, or personal vehicles on official company business, are required to wear safety belts at all times. The driver should instruct the passengers to fasten their safety belts before operating the vehicle.
Any accident involving Company vehicles (including private, rented, or leased vehicles used on official Company business) must be reported to the driver’s supervisor. If the driver is unable to make a report, another employee who knows the details of the accident must make the report. It is Employer's policy that employees should not admit to responsibility for vehicle accidents occurring while on official business. It is important that such admissions, when appropriate, be reserved for the company and its insurance carrier. The law requires that each driver involved in a vehicle accident must show his/her license on request by the other party. Be sure to obtain adequate information on the drivers involved as well as on the owner of the vehicles. Names, addresses, driver’s license numbers, vehicle descriptions, and registration information are essential. In addition, a description of damages is needed for completion of accident reports. If the accident is investigated by police agencies, request that a copy of the police report be sent to Employer, or obtain the name and department of the investigating officer. A printed card titled “In Case of Accident” is kept in each official vehicle to assist in collecting required information. In case of collision with an unattended vehicle (or other property), the driver of the moving vehicle is required by law to notify the other party and to exchange information pertaining to the collision. If unable to locate the other party, leave a note in, or attached to, the vehicle (or other property) giving the driver’s name, address, and vehicle license number. The driver of any Employer vehicle involved in an accident must also complete a Employer Motor Vehicle Accident Report and submit it to his/her supervisor within one work day of the accident. The supervisor should interview the driver and complete the supervisor’s portion of the report. Within two workdays of the accident, the completed form and vehicle must be taken to the Safety Department so that damages may be estimated and repairs scheduled. Forms for obtaining appropriate information about an accident are carried in the vehicle or may be obtained from the Facilities Department or it’s equivalent. The Responsible Safety Officer will receive copies of all accident reports and will prepare any required OSHA reports.
The speed limit on Employer property is 15 miles per hour; however, conditions such as road repair, wet weather, poor visibility, and pedestrian traffic may require speeds much lower than 15 mph. All traffic laws are strictly enforced. As a result of high-density traffic, limited parking, and general congestion, it is recommended that shuttle buses and public transportation services be used whenever possible. These services are convenient and reduce exposure to potential motor vehicle accidents.
Official Vehicle Use
The Employer requires that an operator hold a valid driver’s license for the class of vehicle that he/she is authorized to operate. Persons intending to operate forklifts/handlifts are required to successfully complete the appropriate course as outlined in this manual.
Our training products on "Forklift/Powered Industrial Truck Safety" have been specifically created to assist facilities in complying with OSHA's Powered Industrial Truck Standard. Topics covered in these products include:
~ OSHA's certification process.
~ The seven classes of industrial trucks.
~ Equipment checkout and maintenance.
~ A forklift's stability triangle.
~ Safe operating procedures.
~ Lifting and lowering loads.
~ Trucks and loading docks.
Each Division Director and Department Head is responsible for restricting the use of Company-furnished vehicles to official Company business only. They are also responsible for limiting use of such vehicles to properly authorized personnel. Use of an official vehicle for an employee’s personal convenience or benefit constitutes misuse and is prohibited. Employees who misuse Company vehicles are subject to disciplinary action and financial responsibility for any accident. All drivers of Company vehicles are responsible for reporting any damage or deficiency to the Safety Department. Repairs, adjustments, and maintenance can only be accomplished if the driver adequately documents and reports these items. Failure to report unsafe vehicle conditions can result in an accident.
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Forklift / Powered Industrial Truck Safety Live Instruction Training Courses at YOUR Location
Warnings and Citations
Any employee operator of a vehicle who violates the State Vehicle Code may be issued a written warning or citation. A warning will include a description of the violation and cite the relevant code section, date, time, location, and the name of the officer issuing the warning. A person who receives such a warning will be called to meet with the Responsible Safety Officer. If more than one warning is issued in a six-month period, the Responsible Safety Officer will normally suspend the offender’s driving and parking privileges at Employer. The first suspension will be for a period of one month. If there is a repeat violation, the period of suspension will be for six months. Serious offenses may result in revocation of privileges and may include termination of employment.
Safety Hazards Correction
The Safety Committee reviews all accidents involving Company-furnished vehicles, whether on site or off site, and makes recommendations to have safety hazards corrected. The committee meets periodically to review accidents or to review and consider other issues relating to traffic safety. The committee is also the hearing board for drivers who are involved in vehicle accidents or who have received a warning notice for a moving violation, as noted above. Such drivers may appear before this committee to explain causes of accidents or violations.
Here are the parking designations in use at Employer: Red Zones: No stopping, standing, or parking. Yellow Zones: Stopping only for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers of freight. Green Zones: Limited time parking. Reserved Parking: Vehicle with designated license number only. All vehicles must be prepared to move at the time indicated. Compact Car: Vehicle must not extend beyond rear limit line. General Parking: Vehicles must be parked in designated places only and must not extend beyond the edge of road, stripes, or rear limit lines. Visitor parking violators will be issued a warning notice, order-to-show cause, or citation.