KNOW YOUR HAZARDS
Preparedness takes action! Learn more about hazards which can affect your community and ways you can take action to prepare and participate.
Guess What We Sell?™ ...a lot more than First Aid
KNOW YOUR HAZARDS
Preparedness takes action! Learn more about hazards which can affect your community and ways you can take action to prepare and participate.
We've talked about poison ivy a but in the past, but nettles, sumac, and poison oak and ivy are pretty serious irritations, and with many heading out to enjoy nature this Spring we thought some refresher information on how to avoid and treat contact with poisonous plants would be timely.
Before delving into the woods, protect yourself with boots and long pants. Be sure your outdoor first aid kit is stocked with both Ivy Barriers (which you should apply before heading out on a hike) and Itch Creams & Cleansers to treat any contact.
Urushiol, the oil substance found in poison oak, ivy and sumac (also in Mangoes and the Lacquer Tree) is pernicious, and it will spread to unaffected areas and to a caregiver without proper cleansing and protection.
First Aid Treatment for areas affected by poisonous plants....
What to look for:
What to do:
The plant oil, urushiol, is extremely stable and will stay active for many years in the right conditions. After treating the person affected by the poisonous contact, thoroughly wash (or discard) all boots and clothing.
Since urushiol oil is an oil, to remove it from items like clothing or shovels or pavement; apply either a solvent or a soap to remove the oil or provide sufficient force with water pressure.
Examples of a solvent are things like mineral spirits, rubbing alcohol, gasoline, lighter fluid, witch hazel, and many other items found in the treatment section. An example of a solvent-based product in the poison ivy arena is Tecnu which contains mineral spirits. (We hop it is obvious, but don't use gasoline, lighter fluid, or anything harmful in-of-itself on your skin - but these may be used for boots, equipment, etc.)
Urushiol Oil and Bonding to the Skin
Urushiol oil penetrates the top layer of skin and binds to cells deep in the epidermis. Any solvent or soap will remove urushiol oil from the skin prior to bonding. Bonding takes place in as little as 3 minutes, but on average according to most literature is 30 minutes.
Seek medical advice is good cleansing with an appropriate product does not solve the contact dermatitis.
The Spring PrepareAthon is upon us. Unlike National Preparedness Month, where government, community, and prviate organizations spend the entire Month of September focusing on being prepared for calamity, the Spring PrepareAthon Day focuses on Spring Hazards and overall preparedness as individuals, family members, and as a community.
FEMA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Weather Service (NWS) urge Americans to take actions to prepare for a wide array of hazards by developing a family communication plan and downloading alerts and learning about local hazards. FEMA is encouraging people to take these actions in conjunction with America’s PrepareAthon!, a grassroots, community-based campaign for action designed to increase preparedness and resilience.
America’s PrepareAthon! provides an important opportunity for individuals, organizations and communities to take action to prepare for specific hazards through group discussions, drills and exercises. Visit the America’s PrepareAthon! website, ready.gov/prepare, to register your participation, for more information, and to sign up.
According to NOAA, flooding, which can occur anywhere in America, proved to be the most costly hazard in 2015, costing more than $2.7 billion in damages. Natural disasters left a destructive mark in 2015, putting people at risk and causing approximately $4.8 billion in damages.
FEMA offers free, easy-to-use guides, checklists and resources to help individuals, organizations and communities practice the simple, specific actions they can take for emergencies relevant to their area.
1.Create a family emergency communication plan. Visit ready.gov/prepare and download Create Your Family Emergency Communication Plan. Collect the information you need, decide on the places you will meet in case of an emergency, share the information with your family and practice your plan.
2.Download the FEMA app for disaster resources, weather alerts and safety tips. Earlier this month, FEMA launched a new feature to its free smartphone app that will enable users to receive push notifications to their devices to remind them to take important steps to prepare their homes and families for disasters. The app also provides a customizable checklist of emergency supplies, maps of open shelters and open recovery centers, tips on how to survive natural and manmade disasters, and weather alerts from NWS for up to five locations across the nation.
3.Sign up for local text alerts and warnings, get the latest forecast at weather.gov and download weather apps to stay aware of worsening weather conditions. Visit ready.gov/prepare and download Know Your Alerts and Warnings to learn how sign up for local alerts and weather apps that are relevant for hazards that affect your area.
4.Gather important documents and keep them in a safe place. Have all of your personal, medical and legal papers in one place, so you can evacuate without worrying about gathering your family’s critical documents at the last minute. Visit ready.gov/prepare and download Protect Your Critical Documents and Valuables for a helpful checklist.
Whether your drivers are delivering products to your customers, getting service providers where they need to go or traveling for marketing purposes, having employees driving for your company automatically increases your risk exposure. Teaching drivers to be safe on the road, and taking measures on your end to increase driver safety, will help lessen that risk and improve your image with customers and the public. Here are some tips to help make driver safety a priority for your company.
Keep Up With Vehicle Maintenance
An unmaintained vehicle is an unsafe vehicle. Keep your vehicles well maintained, and they will serve your drivers more reliably. Keeping all systems on the vehicle properly maintained will prevent accidents that occur because a system or component fails while the driver is on the road. When maintaining vehicles, don't neglect the tires. Sufficient tread and tire pressure can help prevent a number of accidents.
Insist on Safe Driving Practices
Make safe driving practices an essential part of your business operations. Common safe driving practices of which you may need to instruct your drivers include:
• Driving at a safe distance. Two to three seconds behind the car in front is necessary, especially for large trucks that are heavier than most cars.
• Use a safe rate of speed. Speeding is a major risk, contributing to 45 percent of fatality crashes and nearly two-thirds of injury crashes, so teach your drivers to honor the speed limits.
• Pull over when needed. Whether messing with a GPS or changing media on an on-board entertainment system, pull over when your eyes can't be on the road.
Teach these safety tips to your drivers, and then expect your drivers to follow them.
Use Technology to Help
Vehicle technology is constantly changing, and many of those changes benefit driver safety. Modern antilock braking systems, for instance, keep wheels from locking when braking quickly. Electronic stability control systems allow for individual wheels to brake separately when the vehicle starts to spin out of control. Weather alert systems can provide drivers details about upcoming weather that could impact the safety of their trip.
Technology that comes with the vehicle is your first line of defense. You can also install GPS fleet tracking systems to keep tabs on driver behavior and location, and thus improve safety even more.
Monitor the Weather
The weather can change your driving tactics, as weather conditions can quickly turn a safe road into a slippery hazard. According to the National Safety Council, most drivers need a three-second following distance for normal driving conditions — that needs to increase when rain, fog, snow, smoke or ice are present. Reduce speed so you have enough time to stop when weather is a factor.
Drivers may not be aware of all of the risks of weather, so you may need to provide some education. Specifically, many drivers are unaware that the most dangerous period during rain is when the road first gets wet — not after the road is soaked. New moisture causes oil on the road to “float,” creating a slick surface that increases the chances of hydroplaning. Teaching drivers about these risks will help them reduce speed and stay a safe distance from other vehicles when conditions warrant.
Your drivers are the first face of your company that many customers and potential customers will see. Driver safety is paramount to your company's success. Not only does it make a good impression, but it also lowers your company’s financial risk — so spend some time teaching your drivers how to be safe on the road.
Author bio: Robert J. Hall is president of Track Your Truck, a leader in GPS vehicle tracking device and software for small and midsized companies.
DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
First celebrated in 2003 by proclamation of the Senate and the House of Representatives, the holiday commemorates the day James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin first published their papers on the structure of DNA. The reason for the proclamation? In 2003 it was announced that the Human Genome Project was nearly complete. The holiday was only meant to be a one-time thing, but every year since scientists, teachers and even the National Human Genome Research Institute have found reason to celebrate.
National DNA Day is a unique day when students, teachers and the public can learn more about genetics and genomics! The day commemorates the completion of the Human Genome Project in April 2003, and the discovery of DNA's double helix in 1953.
Learn more @ https://www.genome.gov
Employer requires that safety planning and practice for commonplace tasks be as thorough as for operations with unusual hazards. Commonplace tasks make up the greater part of the daily activities of most employees and, not unexpectedly, offer more potential sources of accidents with injuries and property damage. Every operation or work assignment begins and ends with handling of materials. Whether the material is a sheet of paper (paper cuts are painful) or a cylinder of toxic gas, accident risks can be reduced with thorough planning. Identifying obvious and hidden hazards should be the first step in planning work methods and job practices. Thorough planning should include all the steps associated with good management from job conception through crew and equipment decommissioning. Most of the material presented in this chapter is related to the commonplace and obvious. Nevertheless, a majority of the incidents leading to injury, occupational illness and property damage stem from failure to observe the principles associated with safe material handling and storage. A less obvious hazard is potential failure of used or excessive motorized handling or lifting equipment. The Responsible Safety Officer must be notified whenever it is desired to acquire a crane, forklift truck, or other motorized handling or lifting equipment from excised sources. READ ABOUT FORKLIFT SAFETY
OSHA Standards for Forklifts
Forklift users must familiarize themselves with and comply with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.178 and ANSI B56.1. Modifications and additions must not be performed by the customer or user without manufacturer’s prior authorization or qualified engineering analysis. Where such authorization is granted, capacity, operation and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals must be changed accordingly. If the forklift truck is equipped with front end attachments other that factory installed attachments, the user must ensure that the truck is marked with a card or plate that identifies the current attachments, shows the approximate weight of the truck with current attachments and shows the lifting capacity of the truck with current attachments at maximum lift elevation with load laterally centered. The user must see that all nameplates and caution and instruction markings are n place and legible. The user must consider that changes in load dimension may affect truck capacities.
Because forklift trucks may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected of incomplete, procedures for maintenance must comply with ANSI B56.1 Section 7 and OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1919.178 g.
Maximum efficiency, reliability, and safety require that the use of fork extensions be guided by principles of proper application, design, fabrication, use, inspection, and maintenance. The user must notify the Responsible Safety Officer before purchasing extensions or having them fabricated. Fork extensions are only appropriate for occasional use. When longer forks are needed on a regular basis, the truck should be equipped with standard forks of a longer length. Routine on-the-job inspections of the fork extension must be made by the fork lift operator before each use unless, in the judgment of the supervisor, less frequent inspections are reasonable because of his or her knowledge of its use since the last inspection. Extensions must be inspected for evidence of bending, overload, excess corrosion, cracks, and any other deterioration likely to affect their safe use. All fork extensions must be proof load tested to establish or verify their rated capacities, whether they were supplied commercially or fabricated at Employer. A load equal to the rated capacity of the pair at a particular load center multiplied by 1.15, must be placed on each fork extension pair and fork assembly and supported for a period of five minutes without any significant deformation. Rated capacity must be determined at significant load centers, including the midpoint of the extension and at the tip. Once determined, the rated capacity and load center information must be shown by stamping or tagging the extensions in a protected location of low stress. A mechanical engineer or designer must witness the proof load test. Whenever evidence of deterioration is detected or whenever the extensions have been overloaded, magnetic particle inspection must be performed.
Safety Inspection, Responsibility
Each operator is responsible for the safety and safety inspection of his or her lifting devices (such as screw pin shackles, hoist rings, commercial equipment, etc.) and for its lifting fixtures (such as speeder bars, special slings, Employer-designed equipment, etc.) All lifting fixtures designed at Employer must be proof tested to twice their maximum rated loads before they are placed in service. A magnetic particle inspection or other appropriate crack detection inspection is required after the proof test. the capacity must be marked on the lifting fixture so that it is clearly visible to the equipment operator. all lifting device pins of 2 inch diameter or larger must have a magnetic particle inspection before they are placed in service. All lifting fixtures must be inspected at least once every four years (or upon request), using magnetic particle detection or other appropriate methods. The Responsible Safety Officer must ensure that proof testing is performed on all lifting devices and fixtures are used and maintained correctly. Upon request, the Responsible Safety Officer will provide a current test report to the user. For equipment designed at Employer, the Responsible Safety Officer must provide the user with the information required to operate the lifting device or fixture safely.
The Responsible Safety Officer is responsible for the design, fabrication, and testing of lifting fixtures. The design stress for lifting fixtures must not exceed one-fifth (1/5) the ultimate strength of the material at the operating temperature. If welded fabrication is used, the design stress must take into consideration any weakening effects of welding, such as those that occur in aluminum alloys. If practical, avoid welding in the fabrication of lifting fixtures; however, if welding is used, design and fabrication must conform to the latest standards of the American Welding Society (AWS). Careful, thoughtful design and follow-up are required. The following rules apply when designing welded units: There must be no possibility of subjecting welds to tearing loads. Stresses in welds must be substantially uniform. Where possible, design lifting fixtures so that the main loads are carried only by structural members, plates, or shear pins rather than by welds. Examine this possibility carefully. Welded fabrications must be proof tested to twice the maximum rated load followed by a magnetic particle inspection or other appropriate crack inspection method. Primary load carrying welds and welds in tension must be x-rayed. The screw-thread engagement required for conservative development of the full strength of a screw fastener depends upon the screw fastener material and the material of the threaded member. If the fastener is made of the same material as the female threaded member, e.g., a low-carbon steel bolt and a hole threaded into low-carbon steel, an engagement of at least 1-1/2 diameters is required. A hardened steel screw (Allen screw) in mild steel aluminum alloy, copper, or cast iron must have a threaded engagement of 1-1/2 diameters. The Responsible Safety Officer must approve other material combinations. Safety hoist rings may be used to make lifts up to their rated load when screwed 2 hoist ring bolt diameters into materials such as aluminum alloy, copper, or cast iron. When special high strength bolts are required, consider the use of nonstandard pitch threads to avoid the possibility of using the wrong bolt in the lifting device. any bolt used as part of Employer-designed lifting fixtures or pickup devices must be tested to two (2) times its rated desirable to maintain a supply of tested bolts in the event that one is lost. Once a lifting device or fixture is in the hands of the user, it is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the proper bolt is inserted to the proper depth and correctly torqued.
Only trained personnel should be allowed to operate hand lifts. Operating rules must be posted and will be strictly enforced. Before using a lift check that the brakes on are capable of bringing the vehicle to a complete and safe stop when fully loaded. The parking brake must effectively prevent the vehicle from moving when unattended. When motorized hand and hand/rider truck are operated, and when the operator releases the steering mechanism, make sure that both the brakes are applied and power to the motor shut off. Maintenance records are available so that a driver can check on the servicing of the truck in case of questions.
All aisles and passageways must be kept clear. Also, aisles and passageways should be clearly marked. Wet surfaces must be covered with non-slip material and all holes properly covered or marked with warning guards. All spills must be cleaned up immediately, and a caution sign placed on all wet or drying surfaces. In cases of passageways used by forklifts, handlifts, or other machinery, use a separate aisle for walking if available. If no separately marked aisle is available, use extreme caution. Remember, walking in a passageway used by machinery is like walking in the middle of a street used by cars: You may have the right of way, but the heavier vehicle can’t always see you and can’t always stop in time. The key to moving around in such circumstances is to stop, look, and listen and then to move when there is no danger. Make eye contact with the drivers of moving vehicles so that you know that they know you are there. Equipment must be properly stored so that sharp edges do not protrude into walkways. Changes in elevations must be clearly marked, as must passageways near dangerous operations like welding, machinery operation or painting. If there is a low ceiling, a warning sign must be posted. If the walkway or stairway is more than thirty inches above the floor or ground, it must have a guardrail. If an employee is aware of any breach of these standards, please inform the workplace supervisor.
Employees operating or riding in company-furnished vehicles, or personal vehicles on official company business, are required to wear safety belts at all times. The driver should instruct the passengers to fasten their safety belts before operating the vehicle.
Any accident involving Company vehicles (including private, rented, or leased vehicles used on official Company business) must be reported to the driver’s supervisor. If the driver is unable to make a report, another employee who knows the details of the accident must make the report. It is Employer's policy that employees should not admit to responsibility for vehicle accidents occurring while on official business. It is important that such admissions, when appropriate, be reserved for the company and its insurance carrier. The law requires that each driver involved in a vehicle accident must show his/her license on request by the other party. Be sure to obtain adequate information on the drivers involved as well as on the owner of the vehicles. Names, addresses, driver’s license numbers, vehicle descriptions, and registration information are essential. In addition, a description of damages is needed for completion of accident reports. If the accident is investigated by police agencies, request that a copy of the police report be sent to Employer, or obtain the name and department of the investigating officer. A printed card titled “In Case of Accident” is kept in each official vehicle to assist in collecting required information. In case of collision with an unattended vehicle (or other property), the driver of the moving vehicle is required by law to notify the other party and to exchange information pertaining to the collision. If unable to locate the other party, leave a note in, or attached to, the vehicle (or other property) giving the driver’s name, address, and vehicle license number. The driver of any Employer vehicle involved in an accident must also complete a Employer Motor Vehicle Accident Report and submit it to his/her supervisor within one work day of the accident. The supervisor should interview the driver and complete the supervisor’s portion of the report. Within two workdays of the accident, the completed form and vehicle must be taken to the Safety Department so that damages may be estimated and repairs scheduled. Forms for obtaining appropriate information about an accident are carried in the vehicle or may be obtained from the Facilities Department or it’s equivalent. The Responsible Safety Officer will receive copies of all accident reports and will prepare any required OSHA reports.
The speed limit on Employer property is 15 miles per hour; however, conditions such as road repair, wet weather, poor visibility, and pedestrian traffic may require speeds much lower than 15 mph. All traffic laws are strictly enforced. As a result of high-density traffic, limited parking, and general congestion, it is recommended that shuttle buses and public transportation services be used whenever possible. These services are convenient and reduce exposure to potential motor vehicle accidents.
Official Vehicle Use
The Employer requires that an operator hold a valid driver’s license for the class of vehicle that he/she is authorized to operate. Persons intending to operate forklifts/handlifts are required to successfully complete the appropriate course as outlined in this manual.
Each Division Director and Department Head is responsible for restricting the use of Company-furnished vehicles to official Company business only. They are also responsible for limiting use of such vehicles to properly authorized personnel. Use of an official vehicle for an employee’s personal convenience or benefit constitutes misuse and is prohibited. Employees who misuse Company vehicles are subject to disciplinary action and financial responsibility for any accident. All drivers of Company vehicles are responsible for reporting any damage or deficiency to the Safety Department. Repairs, adjustments, and maintenance can only be accomplished if the driver adequately documents and reports these items. Failure to report unsafe vehicle conditions can result in an accident.
Get a Quote for a Class:
Forklift / Powered Industrial Truck Safety Live Instruction Training Courses at YOUR Location
Warnings and Citations
Any employee operator of a vehicle who violates the State Vehicle Code may be issued a written warning or citation. A warning will include a description of the violation and cite the relevant code section, date, time, location, and the name of the officer issuing the warning. A person who receives such a warning will be called to meet with the Responsible Safety Officer. If more than one warning is issued in a six-month period, the Responsible Safety Officer will normally suspend the offender’s driving and parking privileges at Employer. The first suspension will be for a period of one month. If there is a repeat violation, the period of suspension will be for six months. Serious offenses may result in revocation of privileges and may include termination of employment.
Safety Hazards Correction
The Safety Committee reviews all accidents involving Company-furnished vehicles, whether on site or off site, and makes recommendations to have safety hazards corrected. The committee meets periodically to review accidents or to review and consider other issues relating to traffic safety. The committee is also the hearing board for drivers who are involved in vehicle accidents or who have received a warning notice for a moving violation, as noted above. Such drivers may appear before this committee to explain causes of accidents or violations.
Here are the parking designations in use at Employer: Red Zones: No stopping, standing, or parking. Yellow Zones: Stopping only for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers of freight. Green Zones: Limited time parking. Reserved Parking: Vehicle with designated license number only. All vehicles must be prepared to move at the time indicated. Compact Car: Vehicle must not extend beyond rear limit line. General Parking: Vehicles must be parked in designated places only and must not extend beyond the edge of road, stripes, or rear limit lines. Visitor parking violators will be issued a warning notice, order-to-show cause, or citation.
This Friday, April 22, marks the 46th Earth Day, a worldwide event created to highlight how important our natural surroundings are to the human race. Did you know Earth Day was started by peace activist John McConnell as a way to honor peace—as well as the Earth? U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson later founded the official Earth Day as we know it as a way to teach others about the environment... are you doing something to commemorate the day?
Individuals, communities, businesses, schools, and houses of worship around the country are holding preparedness discussions, conducting drills, and taking specific steps to prepare for tornadoes and other disasters. Watch the America’s PrepareAthon! short animated video on tornado preparedness showing what you need to do to prepare for a tornado.