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    Monthly Archives: June 2013

    • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control - CDC Injury fact book

      Here's a great e-book available for Injury information. The CDC Injury fact book:

      Get your FREE Download.

      CDC Injury fact book CDC Injury fact book - FREE Download

      The Document contains:Data for injury prevention and control -- Partners in prevention -- Injury--a risk at any stage of life -- Preventing injuries in America: public health in action -- Publications and resources

      As you will read, you always need a good First Aid Kit & First Aid Supplies, too. And see our other First Aid Guides

    • Are American Cities under attack by "Killer Mosquitoes"? Learn about the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus)

      Cities are being invaded by an aggressive type of Mosquito new to the US. This Asian Tiger Mosquito is especially pernicious and poses great health risks as a possible carrier of 20 diseases, including West Nile fever, dengue fever, yellow fever and two types of encephalitis.

      See more:

      The latest scourge crossing the country has a taste for the big city. The Asian tiger mosquito, named for its distinctive black-and-white striped body, is a relatively new species to the U.S. that is more vicious, harder to kill and, unlike most native mosquitoes, bites during the daytime. It also prefers large cities over rural or marshy areas—thus earning the nickname among entomologists as "the urban mosquito."

      "Part of the reason it is called 'tiger' is also because it is very aggressive," says Dina Fonseca, an associate professor of entomology at Rutgers University. "You can try and swat it all you want, but once it's on you, it doesn't let go."

      Asian Tiger Mosquito poses serious health threat Asian Tiger Mosquito poses serious health threat

      How Dangerous Are Asian Tiger Mosquitoes?

      A new form of mosquitoes has made its way into New York City. Prof. Laura Kramer from SUNY Albany discusses why the Asian Tiger mosquito loves urban areas and how dangerous it really is in a video on the Wall Street Journal's website.

      Named for the black-and-white stripes on its body, the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) was first brought to Texas in a shipment of tires (which are notorious for holding the standing water that mosquitoes require for breeding.)

      The bug is worrisome for several reasons: Unlike other mosquitoes, the aggressive Asian tiger bites all day long, from morning until night. It has a real bloodlust for humans, but also attacks dogs, cats, birds and other animals.

      The Asian tiger mosquito joins other insects now threatening U.S. residents. Gallinippers (Psorophora ciliata), for example, are a type of shaggy-haired mosquito whose bite reportedly feels like being stabbed; they're currently found throughout much of Florida.

      Additionally, the mosquitoes transmit the chikungunya virus, the Chronicle reports. Though the disease is rarely fatal, chikungunya causes debilitating symptoms, including severe joint pain, fever, achiness, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash and fatigue.

      There's no vaccine to prevent chikungunya and no treatment; people usually recover in a few weeks. But while they're infected with the virus, they can be bitten again by another mosquito, which could then spread the disease to someone else, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

      The CDC also says the best thing ou can do is use Insect Repellent.

      Insect Repellant in Relief Pads & Repellent Pumps. Wasp & Hornet Spray, Bite Relief with Applicator & Repellent Towelette. Ben's Outdoor, DEET, Natrapel with Permathrin - After Bite and more!

      Since its introduction to the United States in the 1980s, the Asian tiger mosquito has spread to 26 states, primarily in the eastern United States, the CDC reports. The bug is also established in South and Central America, southern Europe and several Pacific islands.

      Part of its success at spreading throughout the world is due to a warming climate, but the Asian tiger mosquito has one other pesky adaptation: Its eggs are tough enough to survive a cold winter.

      If there's a silver lining to this story, it might be this: The Asian tiger mosquito is displacing another disease-carrying mosquito species, Aedes aegypti. Every time a male Asian tiger mosquito mates with a female A. aegypti, chemicals in his semen make her sterile, Science News reports.

      But this also means Asian tiger mosquitoes are expanding their territory. Experts recommend removing all sources of standing water, wearing insect repellent and covering up with long sleeves and pants to avoid the bloodthirsty mosquitoes — and the diseases they spread.

      [video width="640" height="360" wmv="/blogs/first-aid-store/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Bens-100.wmv"][/video]
      Read more:

      GET Insect Repellent!

      [video width="640" height="360" wmv="/blogs/first-aid-store/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Bens-Clothing-and-Gear.wmv"][/video]
    • Ticks! Annoying for Humans and Pets - and potentially DEADLY Disease carriers.

      Commonly called a "deer tick," this tick can transmit Lyme disease and a malaria-like disease called babesiosis. When in the larvae stage it is the size of a poppy seed, so checking your body for ticks requires close examination. Commonly called a "deer tick," this tick can transmit Lyme disease and a malaria-like disease called babesiosis. When in the larvae stage it is the size of a poppy seed, so checking your body for ticks requires close examination.

      Different kinds of ticks present in the U.S. may be infected with bacteria, viruses and parasites that can be transmitted to people and cause at least 10 diseases. While there are treatments approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), prevention is the easiest, cheapest and most effective approach to combat these serious, sometimes fatal diseases. Insect Repellents, both effective natural and those containing Deet, offer protection from insects that may carry Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), West Nile Virus (WNV), malaria and other infectious diseases.

      Some disease-bearing ticks are the size of a poppy seed. Steps to prevent infection include:

      • When walking in grassy, wooded areas that are tick-prone, use an insecticide that is effective against ticks and cover up with long shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
      • Ticks must stay attached for more than 36 hours to transmit the parasite, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), so a full body check soon after being outdoors in a tick-prone area, even a suburban lawn, is urged.
      • Taking a shower within two hours of being in an area with ticks has been shown to be helpful and provides a good time to check for ticks on your body.
      • When checking for ticks, include hard-to-see areas such as between toes, between legs and on the head.
      • Remove any ticks with pointed tweezers, grabbing ticks by their mouth parts, close to your skin.

      Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever are the two best-known serious diseases transmitted through tick bites in the U.S. Each year since 2002, about 20,000-30,000 people in the U.S. have been diagnosed with Lyme disease. During that same time period, between 1,400 and 2,500 cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever have been reported each year.

      More recently, health officials have documented the emergence of babesiosis, a disease caused by single-cell parasites called Babesia. The parasites are carried by the same kind of ticks that carry Lyme disease.

      Young, healthy adults infected with Babesia may have no symptoms, mild symptoms or flu or malaria-like symptoms. However, Babesiosis can be severe or even fatal among the elderly, newborns and those with weak immune systems. It is treated with a combination of FDA-approved antibiotics and anti-malaria medicines.

      "Public awareness is critical, because most cases of babesiosis can be prevented by avoiding tick bites," said Mark O. Walderhaug, Ph.D., an author of a study of babesiosis among the elderly. Walderhaug is the associate director for risk assessment in FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER).

      Number Diagnosed

      Elderly people living in Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York and Massachusetts were found to suffer the highest rates of babesiosis in the study published in 2012 by scientists at FDA and their collaborators. Babesiosis also seems to be on the rise in Maryland, Virginia and the District of Columbia, the study concluded.

      The FDA scientists, led by Mikhail Menis, PharmD, M.S. and aided by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and a consulting firm, used the novel approach of exploring large health-care databases, including Medicare records and those kept by skilled nursing homes. (To protect privacy, names were not included in the study.)

      "Indications are that clinical cases reported are only the tip of the iceberg," said Walderhaug. "In some areas, up to 1.5 percent of the population tests positive for Babesia antibodies, meaning they have been infected at some point in the recent past."

      In 2011, health departments in 18 states conducting babesiosis surveillance began using a standard case definition developed jointly by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists and the CDC.

      A total of 1,124 confirmed and probable cases were reported in 15 of the 18 states surveyed; 97% of these cases were reported from seven states—the four states showing the highest rates among the elderly in FDA's study plus New Jersey, Minnesota and Wisconsin.

      Although most people who get babesiosis are infected through tick bites, rare cases of transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy or delivery have been reported. The parasites also can be transmitted through blood transfusions.

      There are no FDA-approved tests for screening blood donors for evidence of Babesia infection. However, scientists from FDA and other institutions are working to develop such tests. FDA has taken several steps, including holding a public workshop and convening a blood products expert advisory committee meeting.

      "Finding ways to protect the blood supply from this parasite is critical," said Sanjai Kumar, Ph.D., chief of FDA's Laboratory of Emerging Agents in CBER.

      Kumar is also one of the FDA scientists involved in the study of babesiosis among those ages 65 and over. Potential blood donors currently are asked if they've ever been diagnosed with babesiosis. If they answer yes, they are deferred from donating blood indefinitely.

      Risks and Symptoms

      The parasite that causes babesiosis is typically spread by the tick while in its young nymph stage, when the tick is about the size of a poppy seed.

      Symptoms of babesiosis can include fever, chills, sweats, headache, body aches, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue and a type of anemia that can lead to jaundice and dark urine.

      Among the elderly, newborns, or people with a weak immune system or without a spleen, babesiosis can be life threatening, with symptoms including low blood pressure, severe anemia and a low blood platelet count, a condition that can lead to blood clots, bleeding and malfunction of vital organs.

      Patients with active symptoms can be tested for the disease through blood smears; multiple types of tests may be needed to detect low levels of parasites. The parasites, after entering the human body, live and grow inside red blood cells.

      In the study of the elderly, FDA found that whites were more likely than African Americans or Latinos to get babesiosis, and the rates are higher for men than for women. White men by far had the highest rates of infection.

      "We don't know if there are genetic links, but white males, many of whom spend more time outdoors, hunting, hiking, fishing and such, are more likely to be exposed to ticks," said Walderhaug. "People of both sexes and all ages and ethnic groups who go into tick-prone areas should be cautious."

      This article appears on FDA's Consumer Updates page, which features the latest on all FDA-regulated products.

    • Brand Name Blindness - is a Drug the same without the name?

      Are you a sucker for the Brand Name? - It is just a name... a Rose by any other name... you get it... or Do You?

      2 Reasons Consumers Can't Help But Waste Money On Brand-Name Drugs

      When drug-maker Novartis yanked its blockbuster pain reliever, Excedrin, off shelves in 2012, people were so desperate to get their hands on the stuff that they shelled out hundreds of dollars to online resellers.

      It didn't matter that there were plenty of generic and store-brand varieties to fill the gap. Somehow, people had it in their heads that brand names were simply better.

      “The generic version at CVS isn’t quite the same,” an eBay user who sells Excedrin told the New York Post. “Like comparing a steak from T.G.I. Friday’s to Peter Luger’s.”

      But he's wrong. Not only are these other brands a better bargain than Excedrin––Walmart sells its 100-count Equate brand for $3 and Walgreens sells a version for about $9, according to Consumer Reports––but they contain the exact same ingredients. Federal law dictates as much, and the U.S. Food & Drug Administration is tasked with making sure stores comply. (see post Drugs – U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on Generic Drugs)

      ExcedrineFor some reason, however, even science isn't enough to convince consumers not to spend more for the same product. It's the kind of irrational behavior behavioral economics expert Dan Ariely analyzes in his book "Predictably Irrational."

      "The truth is that [name-brand drugs] run on the power of suggestion. They are effective because people believe in them," Ariely writes. "You see your doctor and you feel better. You pop a pill and you feel better. And if your doctor is a highly acclaimed specialist, or your prescripton is for a new wonder drug of some kind, you feel even better."

      There are two factors driving us to believe that the store brand version of Excedrin is somehow less powerful than the name brand stuff, he says.

      Belief. Just as patients believe a pill can work wonders because their friend or coworker raves about them, we're more likely to believe in a certain drug if it's widely known and trusted. "Even a doctor's enthusiasm for a particular treatment or procedure may predispose us toward a positive outcome," Ariely says. "Branding, packaging, and the reassurance of the caregiver can make us feel better."

      Conditioning. If you've been taking Excedrin or any type of drug for an extended period of time and find relief, you'll condition yourself to expect relief from that particular treatment. "The body builds up expectancy after repeated experiences and releases various chemicals to prepare us for the future," Ariely says. That expectation is difficult to remove or re-associate with another product.

      The only way to change your behavior is to adjust the way you think about pain relief, Ariely suggests.

      "Consumers who stop to reflect about the relationship between price and quality are far less likely to assume that a discounted drink is less effective...These results not only suggest a way to overcome the relationship between price and the placebo effect but also suggest that the effect of discounts is largely an unconscious reaction to lower prices."

       

      meds-and-tabs

       

      Read more: Business Insider
    • Only half of U.S. youth meet physical activity standards & Few consume recommended daily amounts of fruits and vegetables

      Only half of U.S. youth meet physical activity standards, NIH study shows

      Few consume recommended daily amounts of fruits and vegetables. (Also see The US government shows how to eat your favorite foods to be healthy!)

      Only about half of U.S. adolescents are physically active five or more days of the week, and fewer than 1 in 3 eat fruits and vegetables daily, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

      In a survey of youth in 39 states, NIH researchers questioned nearly 10,000 students between 11 and 16 years old about their activity levels and eating habits. They also asked the students to describe their emotional health, body image, and general satisfaction with life.

      Chart displaying physical activity of US youth

      NIH researchers charted patterns of physical activity, screen time and diet after surveying 10,000 students between 11 and 16 years old. The researchers classified these patterns as typical, unhealthful and healthful.

      “The students showed a surprising variability in eating patterns,” said lead author Ronald J. Iannotti, Ph.D., of the Prevention Research Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the NIH Institute in which the study was conducted. “But most — about 74 percent — did not have a healthy pattern.”

      Dr. Iannotti conducted the research with NICHD colleague Jing Wang, Ph.D. In addition to NICHD, funding also was provided by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration.

      Their findings appear in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

      The researchers found that the adolescents’ diet and activity habits could be classified into three general categories. They described the first group as unhealthful. This group accounted for 26 percent of participants. The second group, classified as healthful, accounted for 27 percent. Because it was the largest group — including 47 percent of participants — the researchers classified the third group as typical.

      The researchers surveyed participants about: their daily amount of physical activity, the amount of time they spent in front of a computer screen or other electronic screen, and the amount of healthy and unhealthy foods they consumed. Other questions sought information on symptoms of depression and self-satisfaction with their bodies.

      The analysis of the survey results showed that the typical youth were least likely to exercise five or more days each week or to eat fruits and vegetables at least once a day. They were more likely to spend time watching television, playing video games or on a computer than the healthful group, and less likely to do so than the unhealthful group. They infrequently ate fruits and vegetables but also infrequently ate sweets, chips or fries, or had soft drinks. Youth in this group were more likely than youth in the other two groups to be overweight or obese and to be dissatisfied with the appearance of their bodies.

      The unhealthful group consumed the most sweets, chips, french fries, and soft drinks. They also were more likely than the other groups to report watching TV, playing video games and using a computer more than two hours a day. Despite the caloric foods they consumed, youth in the unhealthful group were more likely to be underweight and to report needing to put on weight. Youth in this group also were more likely to report symptoms of depression and of poor physical health, such as backaches, stomachaches, headaches or feeling dizzy.

      Nearly 65 percent of students in the group that the researchers termed healthful reported exercising five or more days per week — the highest rate of the three groups. These students were least likely to spend time in front of a screen and were most likely to report eating fruits and vegetables at least once a day. Students in this group also were least likely to consume sweets, soft drinks, chips and French fries. They reported the lowest rates of depressive symptoms and the highest life satisfaction ratings.

      All three groups could stand to improve their health habits, Dr. Iannotti said, whether walking or biking between home and school or eating more fresh produce each day.

      According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans External Web Site Policy, children and adolescents should get one hour or more of moderate or vigorous aerobic physical activity a day, including vigorous intensity physical activity at least three days a week.

      About the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD): The NICHD sponsors research on development, before and after birth; maternal, child, and family health; reproductive biology and population issues; and medical rehabilitation. For more information, visit the Institute’s website at http://www.nichd.nih.gov.

      About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

    • Independence Day? Really? 4th of July Already? American Holidays

      Wasn't it just Mother's Day? Father's Day? Memorial Day?

      Hard to believe 4th of July is already here!Memorial Day

      Be prepared for fun in the sun with good First Aid, Sunblock, and some Common Sense. Preparedness also means knowing what's up next, so we thought we'd bring you a list of American Holidays.

      Americans celebrate a variety of federal holidays and national observances.

      The U.S. government is closed on these federal holidays. Other institutions (such as schools, banks, and local government) may also be closed on federal holidays.

      Date Holiday
      Tuesday, January 1 New Year's Day
      Monday, January 21* Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. and
      Inauguration Day
      Monday, February 18** Washington's Birthday
      Monday, May 27 Memorial Day
      Thursday, July 4 Independence Day
      Monday, September 2 Labor Day
      Monday, October 14 Columbus Day
      Monday, November 11 Veterans Day
      Thursday, November 28 Thanksgiving Day
      Wednesday, December 25 Christmas Day

      There are several other commonly observed celebrations in the United States that recognize specific causes or groups of people, but the federal government is not closed on those occasions.

      Some of these observances honor groups of people, such as National African American History Month and Women's History Month, or causes, such as National Oceans Month and National Substance Abuse Prevention Month. Many of these holidays and observances are proclaimed by the President ever year.

      These are some of the most popular American celebrations and observances that occur every year.

      Groundhog Day

      Groundhog Day is February 2 and has been celebrated since 1887. On Groundhog Day, crowds gather in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to see if groundhog Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow after emerging from his burrow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter weather.

      Valentine's Day

      Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. The day was named after an early Christian martyr, and on Valentine's Day, Americans give presents like candy or flowers to the ones they love. The first mass-produced valentine cards were sold in the 1840s.

      Earth Day

      Earth Day is observed on April 22. First celebrated in 1970 in the United States, it inspired national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. Earth Day is designed to promote ecology, encourage respect for life on earth, and highlight concern over pollution of the soil, air, and water.

      Arbor Day

      National Arbor Day was proclaimed as the last Friday in April by President Richard Nixon in 1970. A number of state Arbor Days are observed at other times of the year to coincide with the best tree planting weather. The observance began in 1872, when Nebraska settlers and homesteaders were urged to plant trees on the largely treeless plains.

      Mother's Day

      Mother's Day is the second Sunday of May. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation in 1914 that started the holiday. He asked Americans to give a public expression of reverence to mothers on this day. Carnations have come to represent Mother's Day, following President William McKinley's habit of always wearing a white carnation, his mother's favorite flower.

      Flag Day

      Flag Day, celebrated June 14, has been a presidentially proclaimed observance since 1916. Although Flag Day is not a federal holiday, Americans are encouraged to display the flag outside their homes and businesses on this day to honor the history and heritage the American flag represents.

      Father's Day

      Father's Day celebrates fathers every third Sunday of June. Father's Day began in 1909 in Spokane, Washington, when a daughter requested a special day to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised his children after his wife died. The first presidential proclamation honoring fathers was issued in 1966 by President Lyndon Johnson.

      Patriot Day

      September 11, 2001, was a defining moment in American history. On that day, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to strike targets in the United States. Nearly 3,000 people died as a consequence of the attacks. Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance is observed on September 11 in honor of the victims of these attacks.

      Halloween

      Halloween is celebrated on October 31. On Halloween, American children dress up in funny or scary costumes and go "trick or treating" by knocking on doors in their neighborhood. The neighbors are expected to respond by giving them small gifts of candy or money.

      Pearl Harbor Day

      Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is December 7. In 1994, Congress designated this national observance to honor the more than 2,400 military service personnel who died on this date in 1941, during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japanese forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to enter World War II.

      Ethnic and Religious Holidays

      Various ethnic and religious groups in America celebrate days with special meaning to them even though these are not national holidays. For example, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter, Jews observe their high holy days in September, Muslims celebrate Ramadan, and African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. There are many other religious and ethnic celebrations in the United States... far too many to list here, but we hope all of you appreciate and observe those with meaning to you.

    • Walking After Meals....

      A new study shows the benefits of walking for 15 minutes after every meal.

      Read about walking for health Read about walking for health @ USA Today

      STORY HIGHLIGHTS:

      • Walking after every meal is as beneficial for blood sugar as a 45-minute walk.
      • Taking a 15-minute walk after dinner helps control post-meal blood sugar.
      • The timing of exercise is important, study shows if you're at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, then take a 15-minute walk after every meal.

      A study, out today, shows that moderately-paced walks after meals work as well at regulating overall blood sugar in adults with pre-diabetes as a 45-minute walk once a day.

      And there's an added benefit of walking after every meal, especially dinner: It helps lower post-meal blood sugar for three hours or more, the research found.

      Walking after a meal "really blunts the rise in blood sugar," says the study's lead author Loretta DiPietro, professor and chair of the department of exercise science at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

      "You eat a meal. You wait a half-hour and then you go for a 15-minute walk, and it has proven effective in controlling blood sugar levels, but you have to do it every day after every meal. This amount of walking is not a prescription for weight loss or cardiovascular fitness — it's a prescription for controlling blood sugar," she says.

      The Italians call the walk after dinner a passeggiata and know it aids in digestion, DiPietro says. "Now we know it also helps the clearance of blood sugar."

      Currently, almost 26 million children and adults (8.3% of the population) in the USA have diabetes, and about 79 million Americans have pre-diabetes. In diabetes, the body does not make enough of the hormone insulin, or it doesn't use it properly. Insulin helps glucose (sugar) get into cells, where it is used for energy. If there's an insulin problem, sugar builds up in the blood, damaging nerves and blood vessels.

      DiPietro and colleagues worked with 10 overweight, sedentary volunteers, who were an average age of 71. All had higher than normal blood sugar levels and were considered pre-diabetic, which means they were at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, the most common type.

      Each participant stayed in a metabolic chamber, a special room that helps researchers track the calories burned by the volunteers, for two days on three separate occasions.The first day on each occasion was considered a control day, and participants did no physical activity.

      On the second day, the participants did one of three things: They walked at an easy to moderate pace (about 3 mph) on a treadmill for 15 minutes — about a half hour after each meal.

      On the other days the participants either walked for 45 minutes at 10:30 a.m. or they walked the same amount of time at 4:30 p.m. Their blood sugar levels were measured continuously throughout the two-day period.

      The research, published in the June issue of Diabetes Care, shows that the timing of walks is important for providing health benefits, DiPietro says.

      Walking is beneficial because the muscle contractions "help to clear blood sugar," she says.

      After dinner is a good time to get up and walk with your partner, a neighbor or your dog, she says. If you can't go outside, then march in place for 15 minutes, she says.

      After lunch, many employees go and sit down for another four hours, but based on these findings, companies and businesses should make it easier for employees to go out and take a walk after lunch, says Tim Church, director of preventive medicine research at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge.

      John Anderson, president of medicine and science for the American Diabetes Association, says it makes sense that a short walk would lower post-meal blood sugar. "What we don't know is if it is going to make a big difference over time in people's progression from prediabetes to diabetes — any more than the standard exercise advice of walking 30 minutes a day five days a week."

      Other research shows that amount of exercise and a weight loss of 5% to 7% helps reduce the risk of developing the disease, Anderson says.

      DiPietro says the results of this study may also apply to pregnant women who are at risk for gestational diabetes, and the findings may also be helpful to people who aren't able to walk for 45 minutes at a time but are able to do 15 minutes.

      The study was sponsored by the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health.

      The government's exercise guidelines recommend that:

      • Adults get at least 2½ hours of moderate-intensity physical activity each week, such as brisk walking, or 1¼ hours of a vigorous-intensity activity, such as jogging or swimming laps, or a combination of the two types, to get the most health benefits from exercise. These aerobic activities should be done in at least 10-minute bouts.

      • To get even more health benefits, people should do five hours of moderate-intensity physical activity each week or 2½ hours of vigorous activity.

      • Adults should do muscle-strengthening (resistance) activities at a moderate- or high-intensity level for all major muscle groups two or more days a week. This should include exercises for the chest, back, shoulders, upper legs, hips, abdomen and lower legs. The exercises can be done with free weights or machines, resistance bands, calisthenics that use body weight for resistance (push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups), or carrying heavy loads or doing heavy gardening such as digging or hoeing.

    • First Aid Wiki

      Learn about everything First Aid related and share your own stories and content at the First Aid Wiki!

      Learn First Aid & Share Your First Aid Adventures! Learn First Aid & Share Your First Aid Adventures!

      What is a Wiki?

      wi·ki

      /ˈwikē/
      Noun
      A Web site developed collaboratively by a community of users, allowing any user to add and edit content
    • Happy Summer! Here are some of the best ways to enjoy it safely...

      Today is the First Day of Summer! 

      Have a Safe & Happy Summer! Have a Safe & Happy Summer!

      Summer means fun outdoors, at the beach, Barbecues, sports - so many great ways to enjoy fresh air and sunshine.. but only when you do it safely! Here are some of our favorite Summer Safety Tips:

    • Disease Detective... Challenging FREE Game Download

      Are you ready to work your way closer to becoming a Disease Detective?  CDC has released an update to Solve the Outbreak, the popular, free iPad app that puts you in the shoes of a member of the Epidemic Intelligence Service. The app now has twice as many outbreaks as before, giving you double the opportunity to have fun.

      Outbreak Challenge! Free Download Outbreak Challenge! Free Download

      New Outbreaks

      The immensely popular app from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention has had fans clamoring for more.  So if you’ve been stuck as an Apprentice, now’s your chance to work your way through the new outbreaks to earn more badges!

      New Features

      New, exciting features such as:

      • sound effects,
      • new levels, and
      • achievements

      Work hard to earn an achievement such as Clever Clogs and Smarty Pants; but beware of the Grim Reaper and Underachiever if you fail to Solve the Outbreak.

      Fun, Interactive Peek into the World of Epidemiology

      Download free now Download free now

      Whether you’re a teen considering a career in the sciences, a teacher looking for a great new way to show epidemiology at work, or a germ nerd of any age, Solve the Outbreak is a fascinating peek into the work that real-life Disease Detectives do every day to keep us safe.

      As soon as a new outbreak is suspected, you race to the scene and need to figure out what’s happening, why, how it started, and how it’s spread. Act fast and you can save a whole town, or a state, or even a country. Come up with the wrong answers and, well… You can always try again!

      Download & Get Started Today!

      And if you haven’t tried the app yet, now’s the perfect time to get started! Scientists and experts from across CDC have put their expertise and know-how into a realistic, exciting app that turns your iPad into its own version of CSI.

      Download the app

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